Victorian Childhood: Themes and Variations
This book presents a broad range of original data on childhood in Victorian Britain. It combines a social science approach to data with historical context, resulting in a highly readable account based on sound historiography.
Against a backdrop of the industrial revolution, an expanding economy, and a rising standard of living, Victorian Childhood explores life and death, child development, the family, work, education, social life, cities, crime, and advocacy and reform. Presenting data on the deteriorating health of children during the nineteenth century and on their increasing displacement of adults in the workplace, the author demonstrates that they did not share proportionately in the increased standard of living.
Jordan's book is a unique piece of scholarship in its range, focus, and presentation. Original sources such as diaries and memoirs not previously cited elsewhere, literature from the period, and anecdotes from the children themselves animate the statistical background and provide vivid pictures of their lives.
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abuse adults back-to-back houses became began Blackpool boys Britain British chil child childhood Church cities course death decades decline disease dren drink early Edwin Chadwick England and Wales established evident example factory five forty girls Godfrey's Cordial governess growth height Henry Mayhew household houses hundred illegitimacy Industrial infants Ireland Irish John Journal juvenile labor Lancashire later laudanum Leeds Leonard Horner Liverpool living London males Manchester Mary Carpenter Mayhew mill mortality mother National nine nineteenth century number of children occupations opium parents Parliamentary Papers peak period poor population Port Sunlight pounds prison probably problem Ragged Schools railway recalled recorded reform religious reported Robert role Royal Statistical Society Samuel Oldknow sense shillings streets Sunday School Table Thomas Thomas Barnardo thousand tion towns Victorian women workers young