Wild Product Governance: Finding Policies That Work for Non-timber Forest Products

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Earthscan, 2010 - Business & Economics - 422 pages
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Products from the wild, also known as non-timber forest products (NTFPs), are used as medicines, foods, spices, and a multitude of other purposes. They contribute substantially to rural livelihoods, generate revenue for companies and governments, and have a range of impacts on biodiversity conservation. However, there is little information available for those seeking to develop effective policy frameworks and regulation.a

This book addresses that shortage with information and recommendations on the drafting, content and implementation of NTFP policies, and the broader issues of governance associated with these products. It reviews the diverse elements that combine to create laws and policies that promote sustainable and equitable management, trade and use of species. Drawing on a wealth of unique case studies from around the world, this volume examines experiences with NTFP regulation, including its sometimes unintended consequences. It looks at economic factors, the interface between traditional and western knowledge and legal systems, and relationships between NTFP regulation, land tenure and resource rights, as well as power and equity imbalances. The volume includes a review of available literature and resources, plus an annotated bibliography linked to the People and Plants International website (www.peopleandplants.org).a

Published with People and Plants International

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Chapter 1 Changing Policy Trends in the Emergence of Bolivias Brazil Nut Sector
15
Case Study A In Search of Regulations to Promote the Sustainable Use of NTFPs in Brazil
43
The Struggle to Develop a Legal and Policy Framework for NTFPs in Cameroon
53
Overcoming Constraints that Reduce Benefits and Discourage Sustainability
71
Case Study C Regulatory Issues for Bush Mango Irvingia spp Trade in Southwest Cameroon and Southeast Nigeria
77
Rhetoric and Reality
85
NTFPs in British Columbia
113
Chapter 8 Overcoming Barriers in Collectively Managed NTFPs in Mexico
205
Commerce Carving and Customary Tenure
229
Multitiered Regulation of Matsutake Harvesting Conservation and Trade in Northwestern Yunnan Province
243
Resource Tenure Labour Relations and Immigration Policy in the Pacific Northwest USA
265
Impacts of Regionalization and Globalization on the Wild Berry Industry
287
Chapter 13 Navigating a Way through Regulatory Frameworks for Hoodia Use Conservation Trade and Benefit Sharing
309
Chapter 14 Laws and Policies Impacting Trade in NTFPs
327
Chapter 15 The State of NTFP Policy and Law
343

Changing Attitudes to Access Rights in a Reforesting Land
135
NTFPs and Ancestral Domains in the Philippines
155
The Ecological and Sociocultural Underpinnings of the Nontimber Forest Trade on Palawan Island the Philippines
183
A Disincentive for Compliance? The Case of a Valuable Carving Wood in Bushbuckridge South Africa
199
Chapter 16 Recommendations
367
NTFP Law and Policy Literature Lie of the Land and Areas for Further Research
375
Index
385
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About the author (2010)

Sarah A. Lairdis the Director of People and Plants International and its Policy and Trade Programme, co-author of The Commercial Use of Biodiversity (2002) and editor of Biodiversity and Traditional Knowledge (2002).

Rebecca McLainis Co-Director of the Institute for Culture and Ecology, in the US.

Rachel P. Wynbergis a senior researcher, based at the Environmental Evaluation Unit, University of Cape Town.

Bibliographic information