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Titles marked with a star (*) are not for circulation, but may be consulted in the Technology Division, Room 115, Central Building, Fifth Avenue and Forty-second Street, daily from 9 a. m. to 10 p. m. Sundays, 1 p. m. to 10 p. m.

Agg, T. R. American rural highways. Beaumont, Roberts. Union textile fabriNew York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., cation, with numerous original diagrams, 1920. xi, 139 p. illus. 8°. VDG (121) sectional drawings, and photographic re

"Intended to familiarize the student with the rela. productions of spun and woven specimens tion of highway improvement to national progress, in the text. London: Sir I. Pitman & Sons to indicate the various problems of highway administration and to set forth the usual methods of design

pref. 1919. xxii, 354 p. illus. 8°. and construction... in sufficient detail to establish a

VLD (121) clear understanding of the distinguishing character. “The treatise is a welcome addition to the literature istics and relative serviceability of each of the com- of the subject and though addressed mainly to techni. mon types of roadway surface.” -- Preface.

cal students, yet the author has given his work such

a character that many unconnected with the industry The construction of roads and pave- will be intelligently interested in learning by what ments. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., means the decorative features that lend attractiveness

to the products of the loom are created, and in gain. 1920. x, 463 p. illus. 2. ed. rev. and enl.

ing a precise knowledge of the improvements that it 8o.

VDG (121) is possible to introduce into this class of fabric.". "The more important new material in the second

Engineering, Oct. 29, 1920. edition is that on assessments for pavements; the chapter on Drainage and the control of erosion;

Beaumont, W. Worby. Industrial electhe chapter on Maintenance; the section on propor- tric vehicles and trucks. London: Charles tioning aggregates for concrete roads; and the com

Griffin & Co., Ltd., 1920. xii, 183 p. illus. pletely rewritten chapter on Testing highway materials." Announcement.


TON (121)

Gives layout, design, and use of various types * Auerbach, Felix. Wörterbuch der Phy- (mainly British), their special features, cost of runsik... mit 267 Figuren. Berlin und Leipzig:

ning, and methods of charging batteries. Has many

diagrams and illustrations. Walter de Gruyter & Co., 1920. x, 466 p. illus. 12o.

PAC (117) *Bigelow, Carle M. Installing manageThe best compliment to be paid this welcome vol. ment in woodworking plants. New York: ume is to hope for its early translation into English.

The Engineering Magazine Co., 1920. xi, The definitions are ample and the subject matter is up-to-date. Well supplied with cross references.

323 p. illus. 8°.

VEM (121)

Organization, installation, standardization of the Bancroft, Wilder D. Applied colloid

product, purchasing, handling, storing, drying and

utilization of lumber, layout of plant, shop practice, chemistry. General theory. New York: labor, repair and waste control, cost accounting. Dia. McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., 1921. viii, grams and illustrations. 345 p. 8°. (International chemical series.)

PLD (118)

Bird, Harold Hughes. The practical Reviews the present knowledge of adsorption, sur.

design of plate girder bridges. London: face tension, Brownian movements, coalescence, prep.

Charles Griffin & Co., Ltd., 1920. viii, 180 aration and properties of solutions. Later chapters

p. illus. 8°.

VEK (121) deal with jellies and gelatinous precipitates, emul.

"The portions which attracted us most were the sions and foams, non-aqueous solutions, fog, and

excellent sketches of details, such as the waterproofsmoke, gases and solids in solids, and the thickness of surface films. Author, who is professor of physi

ing and protection of bridges, provision for dealing cal chemistry at Cornell University, states that it is

with rain, provision for inspection and painting, and his hope to publish other volumes on practical applica

practical matters of this kind. In regard to the actual

design, though everything appears to be clear and tions. Abundant foot-note citations.

good there is nothing here which adds at all to our

knowledge on the subject, and the most attractive *Beard, James T. Mine gases and venti- features are rather those dealing with general arrangelation. Textbook for students of mining,

ment and matters of this kind... We think it will

be appreciated by students leaving college who are mining engineers and candidates prepar- likely to be largely engaged in the design of plate ing for mining examinations. Designed for girder bridges, particularly for railways.' Concrete working out the various problems that

and constructional engineering, Dec., 1920. arise in the practice of coal mining, as they Brodetsky, S. A first course in nomogrelate to the safe operation of mines. New raphy. London: G. Bell & Sons, Ltd., York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., 1920. 1920. x, 135 p. diagrs. OEI (117) xii, 433 p. illus. 2. ed., rev. and enl. 8°.

Nomographic charts furnish surprising short-cuts VHI (117)

in technical and scientific calculations. Dr. BrodetNew edition, greatly enlarged, and rewritten. sky clearly explains their theory and construction, Contains new sections on safety lamps, oils, breath.

using 64 charts for the purpose. Problems at chapter ing apparatus, and rescue work, making it a com

endings. plete treatise on the subject.

Reviewed in Mechanical world, Nov, 19, 1920. [3]

Bromley, Henry Aldous. Paper and its constituents. A manual of technical methods. Chemistry and analysis of raw materials; papermaking fibres; bleaching, sizing, and loading agents and dyestuffs; microscopy; and physical and chemical properties of papers. London and New York: Spon and Chamberlain, 1920. vii, 232 p. illus. 8°.

VMP (121) A revision and rearrangement of material, a great part of which appeared originally in the Paper maker.

ways. Report of the Government Board of Engineers... Ottawa, 1919., 2 v. diagrs. illus. fo.

+ VEK (121) Pictures and description of first bridge which col. lapsed in 1907, after which plans were immediately begun for a new structure, 1,800 feet in length, completed in 1917. Has detailed plans and specifications of the second bridge. Folio volume, attractively printed on plate paper, with pictures showing prog. ress of construction.

*Carhart, Henry S. Thermo-electromotive force in electric cells. The thermoelectromotive force between a metal and a solution of one of its salts... New York: D. Van Nostrand Co., 1920. 134 p. illus.

VGH (121) “He (the author] first became known to the scientific world in 1881 by reason of his experimental work on voltaic cells, a subject on which in later years he was a world authority, and he was one of the pioneers of electro-chemistry in the United States." Obituary notice in Journal of the Institution of Electrical Engineers, Sept., 1920.

Broughton, H. H. The electrical handling of materials. A manual, in four volumes, on the design, construction and application of cranes, conveyors, hoists and elevators. Volume one, Electrical equipment. London: Benn Brothers, Ltd., 1920. xv, 200 p. illus. 4°.

VFG (121) Technical discussion of electric motors, intermit. tent rating, controllers, resistors, brake releasing, electro-magnets, lifting.magnets, switchgear, collectors, power distribution and wiring, power required load equalizers. Contains illustrations and many charts and tables.

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Carr, H. Wildon. The general principle of relativity in its philosophical and historical aspect. London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., 1920. X, 165 p. 12o. PAT (117)

“The metaphysical foundations of this further view of Einstein's doctrine are made apparent in Prof. Carr's book. That is what makes it important for scientific readers, as well as for the general pub. lic, who will gather from it what the principle of relativity means. Like all books on this subject, it requires careful reading and unbroken attention, but the time these necessitate, even for this short book, will, I think, be found to have been thoroughly well spent." Viscount Haldane in Nature, Dec. 2, 1920.

*Callendar, H. L. Properties of steam and thermodynamic theory of turbines. New York: Longmans, Green & Co., 1920. xi, diagrs. 8°.

VFN (121) “Professor Callendar has made accessible to engineers in general the results of the revolutionary im. provements, in the thermodynamic treatment of va. pours in general and steam in particular, which were described in papers contributed to the Royal Society some twenty years ago and, as regards most practical purposes, decently buried in the Transactions of that learned corporation. These papers undoubtedly con. stitute the most illuminating and reliable work on the properties of steam accomplished by any engineer or physicist since the pioneering labours of Regnault, Rankine and Kelvin. Engineering, Jan. 21, 1921.

Also reviewed in Power, Feb. 8, 1921; Times engro neering supplement, Jan., 1921.

Camp, J. M., and C. B. Francis. The making, shaping and treating of steel. Pittsburgh: The Carnegie Steel Co., 1920. 614 p. illus. 2. ed. 12o.

VIR (117) A mine of condensed, clearly.written information, free from technicalities. Tells of the chemistry and physics of steel making, and the materials, fuels, and equipment used. Part 2 treats of steel shaping, rolling-mill construction, and rolling and forging proc. esses. Part 3 discusses constitution, heat treatment, and composition of steel.

"In the reviewer's forty years of active experience in the making of fine stecis, there has always been apparent the utter lack of a book so elementary that it could be given to a man not specifically trained in the art...

The book under review, primarily pre. pared to instruct the large sales force of the U. s. Steel Corporation, has largely a local application in its descriptions of plants and equipment. However, it has been broadened and amplified so that it almost covers the requirements noted. The definitions are in plain language and are complete and highly informative. -- Engineering news-record, Jan. 20, 1921.

Also reviewed in American machinist, Aug. 26, 1920; Iron age, July 22, 1920.

*Canada. — Department of Railways and Canals. The Quebec bridge over the St. Lawrence river near the city of Quebec on the line of the Canadian National Rail

*Caven, R. M. The foundations of chemical theory; an introductory textbook. London: Blackie & Son, Ltd., 1920. viii, 266 p. illus. 8°.

PLB (118) "The author hopes that the general reader, who wishes to know what modern chemistry really means, will find within these pages the information he desires; and that the student to whom chemical sci. ence offers an open field of glowing possibilities will find the chapters of this book a not unwelcome guide in his earlier excursions. Briefly, it is suggested that the book may be read by the student during or at the end of his second year's course, for the purpose of knitting together his chemical knowledge in view of the more advanced studies which lie before him later." — Preface.

238 p.

Codd, M. A. Induction coil design... with 169 illustrations, including 14 plates. New York: Spon & Chamberlain. 1920. llus. 8°

VGGB (121) Chapter 1 (45 p.), discussing theory, precedes chap. ters on the spark, the construction of the different parts, measuring instruments, mountings and connections, coil testing, insulating materials, and some practical hints on design. Short bibliography at end of book. Illustrations and plates are noteworthy. Thorough and practical.

"Offers much that is missing from most of the handbooks at present on the market, and would make a worthy addition to any library.” — Wireless world, Oct. 30, 1920.

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Consoliver, Earl L., and G. I. MITCHELL. Automotive ignition systems, prepared in the Extension Division of the University of Wisconsin. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1920. x, 269 p. illus. 8°.

TON (121) Unusually well-illustrated instruction in principles and construction for those who have to install, adjust and repair in the factory or repair shop, as well as for the automobile owner. The first chapter treats of the principles of electricity and magnetism in a simple way.

*Couch, James F. A dictionary of chemical terms. New York: D. Van Nostrand Company, 1920. iv, 204 p. 12°.

PKF (118) "It avoids the inclusion of the chemicals and devotes itself to those descriptive terms and chemical nomenclatures which are of frequent, or infrequent, occurrence. The definitions are clear and concise and are presented in an understandable manner... As a book of reliable reference it is unequalled by any other publication.” — Textile colorist, Feb., 1921.

Also reviewed in Canadian chemistry and metal. lurgy, Feb., 1921.

*Dudley, A. M. Connecting induction motors. The practical application of a designing engineer's experience to the problems of operating engineers, armature winders and repair men. Also the presentation to students of practical questions arising in winding and connecting alternating current motors. New York: McGrawHill Book Co., 1921. xi, 252 p. illus. 8°.

VGI (121) This wiring manual was designed primarily for practical men engaged in operating and repair work. Nearly 200 carefully prepared drawings, including several full-page wave diagrams. Author is manager of the automotive engineering department of the Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company.

Reviewed in Power, Feb. 8, 1921; Power plant engineering, Feb. 15, 1921.

Emmons, William Harvey. Geology of petroleum. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., 1921. xiv, 610 p. illus. 8°.

VHY (117) Expansion and revision of lectures delivered at the University of Minnesota by the head of the depart. ment of geology and mineralogy. First half deals in a general way with the origin, occurrence, accumu. lation, and distribution of gas and oil. Second half gives perspective and salient characteristics of the world's important fields. Well supplied with maps and source references.

Cox, Guy Henry, and others. Field methods in petroleum geology, by G. H. Cox, C. L. Dake and G. A. Muilenburg. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1921. xiv, 305 p. illus. 12°. VHY (117)

Nearly one half of this volume treats of instruments and their manipulation. Chapter 3 discusses the identification of structure; and chapter 4 covers practical instruction in field operation. Glossary of 27 pages.

“The book makes no attempt to give a popular presentation of field procedure. It is written for those who have at least moderate familiarity with the fundamental principles of geology, surveying, and mathematics, including at least trigonometry." Preface.

Reviewed in Canadian mining journal, Jan. 28, 1921.

1 Crehore, Albert C. The atom. New York: D. Van Nostrand Co., 1920. xvi, 161 p. 12o.

PAW (117) Author states that the Einstein theory deals with a single phase of a broader comprehensive theory and makes no attempt to assign a cause for gravitational force. It is into the latter mystery that Mr. Crehore delves. It is not easy reading, although the mathematics are not beyond the college undergraduate.

*Desmons, R. L'hydravion. Paris: E. Chiron (1920). 175 p. illus. 8°.

VDY (121) Historical development of hydro-aeroplanes, the theory of equilibrium, and a technical discussion of form, dimensions, etc. Well illustrated.

*Fraprie, Frank R. Cash from your camera. How to make your camera profitable, and where to sell your prints. Boston: American Photographic Publishing Co., 1921. 87 p. 12°.

MFG Tells what kinds of pictures are in demand, with a long list of buyers, prices paid, sizes, and other details. Author is editor of American photography.

Freshfield, Douglas William. The life of Benedict de Saussure... with the collaboration of Henry F. Montagnier. London: Edward Arnold, 1920. xii, 479 p. illus. 8°.

PSO (120) Exhaustive biography of the famous pioneer moun. tain climber, who spent much time between the years 1774 and 1784 in the exploration of the Alps. Finely illustrated and includes a bibliography of his principal published works and scientific papers.

“I have tried to deal with de Saussure's life as a whole; to present him not only in the two capacities in which his fame is best established as a geologist and Alpine explorer, but also as a member of society, a citizen and a philosopher - in the wider eighteenthcentury acceptation of that word." - Preface.

*Devillers, René. The dynamics of the aeroplane... Translated by Wm. John Walker. New York: Spon & Chamberlain, 1920. viii, 302 p. diagrs. 8°. VDY (121)

Discusses the several kinds of flight, the propel. ler, wind influence, radius of action, stability, and effect of altitude on engine performance. Formulae have been reduced to the nomographic form and heavy mathematics are avoided.

"The chapter on stability is not good, and will seem very inadequate to readers familiar with the English treatment of the subject... The technical man and the student will certainly find the book interesting, and the reading of it is rendered the more easy by the translator's noble effort in convert. ing from metric to English units throughout."

Aeronautics, Jan. 6, 1921.

Freund, Ida. The experimental basis of chemistry. Suggestions for a series of experiments illustrative of the fundamental principles of chemistry... Edited by A. Hutchinson and M. Beatrice Thomas. Cambridge England): University Press, 1920. xvi, 408 p. illus. 8°. PKW (118)

For 25 years Miss Freund was a teacher in Newnham College, Cambridge.. In 1904 she published an important work The study of chemical composition. The present volume, based upon a first-year course supplemented by short lectures, experiments, and discussions, is marked by a simple, delightful style and an appeal for accuracy in thinking and manipulation.

“Miss Freund had a dread of thoughtless experimenting and slipshod thinking. She felt strongly that much that passes for training in science has little relation to scientific method and is of small educa. tional value... By directing special attention to the sources of error inherent in the methods employed, by distinguishing carefully between what was taken for granted and what was really proved, and by getting her students to compare the accuracy attained

. with that of the most trustworthy work on the subject, she was able to arouse the critical faculty..." - Preface.

*Fyfe, Charles F. Steamship coefficients, speeds and powers... New York: Spon & Chamberlain, 1920. xii, 399 p., 68 pl. 2 ed. 12o.

VXHD (121) “The work is presented in nine chapters, dealing with practically every phase of the determination of the most suitable form of hull for given dimensions and speed, the whole being illustrated by a vast number of tables of numerical values and curves giving experimental results. It should form an invaluable adjunct to the library of the ship draughtsman, giv. ing him in a condensed form the results of a large number of the most recent papers and articles." Shipbuilding and shipping record, June 3, 1920.

Also reviewed in Marine engineering, Oct., 1920.

Gee, George E. Recovering precious metals from waste liquid residues. A complete workshop treatise, containing practical working directions for the recovery of gold, silver, and platinum from every description of waste liquids in the jewellery, photographic, process workers, and electroplating trades. London and New York: Spon & Chamberlain, 1920. viii, 380 p. illus. 8°.

VOFB (118) "A noted feature of the work is its simplicity of language, all technical terms and phrases, when made use of, being explained, so that the least informed operative may be able to comprehend the meaning and carry out the different operations." Preface.

*Gibson, Walcot. Coal in Great Britain; the composition, structure, and resources of the coal fields, visible and concealed, of Great Britain. London: Edward Arnold, 1920. viii, 311 p. illus. 8°.

VHW "We have, entirely new treatment of British coal field geology from the pen of an experienced field geologist, who can justly claim to be in a position to interpret observed facts in the light of modern principles of geological reasoning; and, what is perhaps more important, to assess them at their proper value... The figures are clearly drawn, and the half-tone plates of fossil plants are exquisitely reproduced. The index, extending to 34 columns, is ample; and the whole volume, in matter and get-up, is a most worthy production, fully meriting its assured success." - Colliery guardian, Dec. 10, 1920.

Also reviewed in Engincering, Dec. 24, 1920; Chemical age, London, Jan. 1, 1921.

*Great Britain. - Admiralty. Admiralty handbook of wireless telegraphy, 1920. London: His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1920. viii, 477 p. chart, diagrs. 8°.

commoner organic compounds of plants. London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1921. 414 p. 3. ed. 8°.

PPE (118) Presupposes some knowledge of chemistry. Vol. ume 1 treats of fats, oils, waxes, phosphatides, ald. hydes, carbohydrates, glucosides, tannins, pigments, nitrogen bases, the colloidal state, proteins, and en. zymes. Volume 2, in preparation, will be devoted to more purely physiological problems.

Hamor, William Allen, and F. W. PadGett. The technical examination of crude petroleum, petroleum products and natural gas, including also the procedures employed in the evaluation of oil shale and the laboratory methods in use in the control of the operation of benzol recovery plants. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., 1920. ix, 591 p. illus. 8°.

VHY (117) Assumes a knowledge of volumetric and gravi. metric analysis and some proficiency in organic chemistry. Appendix of 272 pages covers useful data, in. cluding specifications, standard tests, a select bibliog. raphy of the extraction of gasoline from natural gas, tables, etc. Many foot-note references and an unusually complete index.

Hanby, Wilfred. Metals in aircraft construction... with a foreword by L. Blin Desbleds. London: The Standard Air Press, Ltd., 1920. 110 p. illus. 8°.

VDY (121) Briefly discusses the testing of the strength of materials, defects in steel, thermal and mechanical treatment of steel, case-hardening, heat treatment of metals, application and classification of aircraft metals, and autogenous welding. Fifty-six illustrations.

Hart, Edward. A text book of chemical engineering. Easton, Pa.: The Chemical Publishing Co., 1290. xii, 211 p. illus. 8°.

VOE (118) Briefly considers the location of plant and best methods of construction, materials used in equipment, boilers and engines, plumbing, crushing, dissolving and filtration, tanks, evaporation, crystallization, dry: ing, distillation, absorption of gases, mixing and kneading, and containers. 200 illustrations, mostly from commercial catalogues. Author is professor of chemical engineering in Lafayette College.

Reviewed in Chemical age, London, Jan. 29, 1921. *Hatschek, Emil. Laboratory manual of elementary colloid chemistry. Philadelphia: P. Blakiston's Son & Co., 1920. viii, 135 p. illus. 120.

PLD (118) "This manual must be strongly recommended for use in unusually wide circles. The typical experi. ments which it contains should form part of every course of physical chemistry. They are of particular value to medical students, and would be of great use in schools, both as providing a broader perspective in the study of modern science, as well as bringing the scientific courses into more direct contact with our knowledge of the materials of daily life and industry which so often owe their destructive properties to their colloidal nature." Faraday Society. Trans. actions, June, 1920.

Reviewed in the Journal of the Society of Chemical Industry, April 15, 1920; Chemical and metallurgical engineering, Nov. 10, 1920; Chemical news, June 4, 1920.

Herington, C. F. Powdered coal as fuel. 2. ed. rev. & enl. New York: D. Van Nostrand Co., 1920. xii, 338 p. illus. 8°.

VHW (117) The ten chapters comprising the first edition (1918) are unchanged. Additional chapters on the

TTF (121)

Nearly 500 pages of clearly-written and wellillustrated instruction in the elements of electricity and magnetism and of wireless telegraphy and tele. phony, with numerous worked-out problems involving simple mathematics. Appendices have elementary notes on mathematics and mechanics, tables and formulae.

Haas, Paul, and T. G. Hill. An introduction to the chemistry of plant products. v. 1. On the nature and significance of the

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