Anthropological Theory: An Introductory History
A comprehensive and accessible survey of the history of theory in anthropology, this anthology of classic readings contains in-depth commentary in introductions and notes to help guide students through excerpts of seminal anthropological works. The commentary provides the background information needed to understand each article, its central concepts, and its relationship to the social and historical context in which it was written.
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His linking of the Oedipal conflict with totemic beliefs in primitive societies is a
psychological version of recapitulation theory: he believed that we repeat the
actions of our primal ancestors in our own individual psychological development.
It shows us primitive exchange in an entirely different light. The Kula is not a
surreptitious and precarious form of exchange. It is, quite on the contrary, rooted
in myth, backed by traditional law, and surrounded with magical rites. All its main
Their common assumptions about primitive culture derive from Roheim (1925):
primitive culture is autoplastic, ours is alloplastic.6 The primitive seeks to achieve
his desires by self-manipulation, performing surgical rites upon his own body to ...
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Sigmund Freud The Return of Totemism in Childhood 1913
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