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accumulation acres Adam Smith advantage agricultural amount Arthur Young average capital capitalist cause cent circulating capital circumstances commodities competition condition considerable consumed consumption cost of production cottier cultivation degree demand depends diminished division of labour duction effect employed employment England equal exchange exchange value exertion exist expense farmer farms favourable fertility fixed France greater habits hectares human hundred quarters improvement increase individual industry interest Ireland kind labouring class land landlord Law of Value less limited manufacture manure materials means ment metayer mode necessary obtained occupation operations paid peasant proprietors permanent persons political economy population portion possession present principle produce productive labour proportion purchase rate of profit remuneration rent saving says Sismondi society soil subsistence sufficient supply suppose surplus tenant things tion trade unproductive wages wealth whole yield
Page 267 - If, therefore, the choice were to be made between Communism with all its chances, and the present state of society with all its sufferings and injustices; if the institution of private property...
Page 472 - ... first, the agreeableness or disagreeableness of the employments themselves; secondly, the easiness and cheapness, or the difficulty and expense of learning them; thirdly, the constancy or inconstancy of employment in them; fourthly, the small or great trust which must be reposed in those who exercise them; and, fifthly, the probability or improbability of success in them.
Page 258 - The distribution of wealth, therefore, depends on the laws and customs of society. The rules by which it is determined, are what the opinions and feelings of the ruling portion of the community make them, and are very different in different ages and countries ; and might be still more different, if mankind so chose.
Page 267 - ... as the work grows harder and more disagreeable, until the most fatiguing and exhausting bodily labour cannot count with certainty on being able to earn even the necessaries of life; if this, or Communism, were the alternative, all the difficulties, great or small, of Communism, would be but as dust in the balance.
Page 257 - The laws and conditions of the Production of wealth partake of the character of physical truths.
Page 168 - A man commonly saunters a little in turning his hand from one sort of employment to another. When he first begins the new work, he is seldom very keen and hearty ; his mind, as they say, does not go to it, and for some time he rather trifles than applies to good purpose.
Page 165 - But though they were very poor, and therefore but indifferently accommodated with the necessary machinery, they could, when they exerted themselves, make among them about twelve pounds of pins in a day.
Page 478 - We trust our health to the physician: our fortune and sometimes our life and reputation to the lawyer and attorney. Such confidence could not safely be reposed in people of a very mean or low condition. Their reward must be such, therefore, as may give them that rank in the society which so important a trust requires.
Page 373 - Notes of a Traveller. 8vo. price 12s. Laing's (S.) Observations on the Social and Political State of the European People in 1848 and 1849: Being the Second Series of Notes of a Traveller.
Page 322 - Neither high-born nobleman, knight, nor esquire was here; but many of these humble sons of the hills had a consciousness that the land, which they walked over and tilled, had for more than five hundred years been possessed by men of their name and blood...