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Kapoeta
Nagichot
Nagichot
Torit,
TOrit
TOrit
TOrit
Torit,
Goniryo
Katire
Gilo
Juba
Juba
Rejaf
Gondokoro
Tombe
Muni
Terakeka
Yei

Yei

Yei

Yei
Lorella (Yei
River)
Kajo Kaji
Kajo Kaji
Meridi
Meridi
Amadi
Yambio
Li Rangu
Kapoeta
Juba
Kaguada
Katire
Kajo Kaji
Kajo Kaji
Katire
Katire
Juba
Katire
TOrit

8 1 7 l

domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic

domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
domestic
on grass

cattle
cattle
cattle
cattle
cattle
cattle
cattle
cattle
cattle
cattle
cattle
cattle
cattle
cattle
cattle
cattle
cattle
cattle
cattle
cattle
cattle
cattle

cattle cattle cattle cattle cattle cattle cattle cattle sheep sheep sheep goats goats dogs dogs dogs horses pig

Dec
Dec

Nov Dec

Feb
Apr

Dec BIRDS

l TOrit Tchagra Senegala erlangeri Jan

2 TOrit, Sphenorhynchus abdimii Jan

5 Kapoeta Numida melleagris major Dec 3 2 Kapoeta Lissotis m. melanogaster Dec (2)

12 TOrit domestic chicken Jan

7 Katire domestic turkey Jan

DISTRIBUTION IN THE SUDAN

A. variegatum occurs in Equatoria, Bahr El Ghazal, Kordofan (= Nuba # and Upper Nile Province, and has been found on Upper Nile cattle at the Wadi Halfa quarantine, but is not established in Northern Province according to King (1926).

The following are Sudan localities from which specimens, all from cattle unless otherwise noted, have been studied.

Bahr El Ghazal: Meshra el Req (SGC). Lau, Akot, Yirol, Tali Post, Kuru, Lake Nyubor, Peth, Raga, Khor Shamman, and Boro (SWS). Wau (domestic horses, sheep, donkeys, pigs, cattle; SVS, HH). Busseri (domestic horse; SVS). Njambo (buffalo; SGC). Raga (domestic goat, cattle; SGC). Aweng (domestic dog, cattle; SVS). Fanjak (SWS, HH). Guar and nearby areas in Galual-Nyang Forest (common on many individuals of tiang, buffalo, giraffe and roan antelope; also on warthog, hartebeest, and domestic dog; nymphs from spurfowl, Francolinus clappertoni; SVS, HH). 15 miles north of Tonj ########): Malek (nymph on Francolinus sp., sw$). Lau River, 37 milies west of Yirol (nymph : " cane rat; SVS). Nymphs are very numerous on tiang in the dry season and were also taken on buffalo and engorging on man. In the wet season, adults replace nymphs on wild animals.

Upper Nile: Khor Atar and Taufikia (SGC). Duk Fadiat (cattle, HH; warthog, wild pig; SVs). Malakal (SWS, HH). Ler (SVS). Bor (SWS, HH).

Darfur: 'Idd el Ghanam (SGC). Radom (SVS).

Blue Nile: Roseires (SGC).

Kordofan: Talodi (SVS). Cattle from Kordofan at the Wadi Halfa Quarantine (SGC).

Khartoum: Abyssinian cattle at Khartoum (probably at the Quarantine Station) (SGC). Balfour (1906) reported specimens on trypanosome-infected cattle arriving from the south.7

It will be noted that 12°N. is about the northern limit of this species. Rare isolated populations may exist slightly further north in the Sudan.

DISTRIBUTION

A. variegatum is distributed generally throughout the Ethiopian Faunal Region except in northern Sudan, most of Southwest Africa, much of Mozambique, and the entire Union of South Africa. The range includes mountainous Southwest Arabia and the tropical bont tick has become established in the Madagascan archipelago. It has also established itself from imported specimens in the West Indies and in the Cape Verde Islands. A record from Guatemala (Neumann 1899) has not been confirmed in later literature.

*AFRICA" (Fabricius 1794)
NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN: CAPE VERDE ISLANDS (Tendeiro 1954X).

WEST AFRICA: NIGERIA (Neumann 1899. Ziemann 1905. Simpson 1912A,B. Johnston 1916. Connal and Coghill 1917. Robinson 1926. Pearse l929. Beaton 1939. Mettam 1947,1948, 1951. Unsworth 1949, 1952. Gambles 1951). FRENCH WEST AFRICA (As A. venustum: Koch 1844. As Ixodes elegans: Guerin-Meneville 1843. Neumann 1899, 1911. Joyeux 1915. Robinson 1926. Andre and Lamy 1931. Brumpt 1934. Lloverol, Philippe, and Adjovi l942. Girard and Rousselot 1945. Rousselot 1951, 1953B. Williers 1955).

TOGO (Ziemann 1905). SIERRA LEONE (Neumann 1899. Simpson 1913. Yorke and Blacklock 1915. Entomological Report 1916. Robinson 1926). GAMBIA (Simpson 1911. Robinson 1926). GOLD COAST (Simpson 1914. Macfie 1915. Beal 1920. Robinson 1926. Stewart

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CENTRAL AFRICA: CAMER00NS (Ziemann 1912A. Warburton 1927. Jonchere's 1932. Bardez 1934. Rageau 1951, 1953A,B. Rousselot 1951, 1953B. Unsworth 1952. Dezest 1953). RIO MUNI ("North Central Rio Muni": Hoogstraal collection). FRENCH EQUATORIAL AFRICA (Fiasson 1943B. Blanc, Brunneau, and Chabaud 1950A. Giroud 1951. Rousselot 1951, 1953A,B).

BELGIAN CONGO and RUANDA-URUNDI (Newstead, Dutton, and Todd 1907. Massey 1908. Roubaud and Van Saceghem 1916. Nuttall and Warburton 1916. Wan Saceghem 1918. Seydel 1925. Robinson 1926. Schwetz 1927A,B,C,1932, 1933B, 1934. Schouteden 1929. Bequaert 1930A, B, 1931. Tonelli-Rondelli 1930A. Bouvier 1945. Giroud and Jadin 1950. Giroud l95l. Jadin and Giroud 195l. Schoenaers 1951A, B. Rousselot 1951,1953B. Reference to Belgian Congo by Berge and Lennette l953 should be French Equatorial Africa. #: and Robinson 1954. Santos Dias l954D. Wan Waerenbergh l954).

EAST AFRICA: SUDAN (Balfour 1904,1906. King 1908,1911, 1926. HoogstraalT052A, 1954B).

ETHIOPIA (Pavesi 1884A. Neumann 1899, 1902B,1911, 1922. Robinson 1926. Stella 1938A, 1939A,B,1940. Roetti 1939. Charters 1946. D' Ignazio and Mira 1949. Hoogstraal 1954C). ERITREA (Franchini 1929D,E. Tonelli-Rondelli 1930A. Niro 1935. Stella 1938A, 1939A, 1940. Ferro-Luzzi 1948). FRENCH SOMALILAND (Robinson 1926. Stella 1940. Hoogstraal 1953D). ITALIAN SOMALILAND (Franchini 1926A, 1927, 1929C. Niro 1935. Stella 1938A, 1939A, 1940).

KENYA (Neave 1912. Neumann 1922. Anderson 1924A, B. Robinson 1926. Daubney l927, 1930A, B, 1933,1934, 1936B. Walker 1927, 1929. Tonelli-Rondelli 1930A. Lewis 1931A,B,C,1932A, B, 1934, 1939A, B. Daubney and Hudson 1931A, B, 1934. Roberts 1935. Loveridge 1936A. Fotheringham and Lewis 1937. Mulligan 1938. Dick and Lewis 1947. Weber 1948. White l949. Binns l95l. van Someren 1951. Worsley 1952. Wilson 1953. Wiley 1953. Hammond 1954. See also IDENTIFICATION under A. pomposum, p. 245).

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