## Proceedings of the ... International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Volume 2American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2001 - Arctic regions |

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Page 148

The horizontal forces acting on the pipeline are the drag forces , Fa , due to the

wave induced and steady current , the ... and the opposing soil resistance force ,

which in turn is a function of the

...

The horizontal forces acting on the pipeline are the drag forces , Fa , due to the

wave induced and steady current , the ... and the opposing soil resistance force ,

which in turn is a function of the

**lift force**, Fi , arising from the wave - induced and...

Page 149

Program L3FORCE produces a time series of hydrodynamic drag and

at each pipe node , for a stationary ... time series into halfwave regular waves for

which the hydrodynamic force is calculated from a set of Fourier coefficients and

...

Program L3FORCE produces a time series of hydrodynamic drag and

**lift forces**at each pipe node , for a stationary ... time series into halfwave regular waves for

which the hydrodynamic force is calculated from a set of Fourier coefficients and

...

Page 343

Furthermore , it is important to keep the

which is not self evident due to possibly ... a full 3D FEA models are used for

global stress analysis which is a combination of sub - models of the heavy

vessel ...

Furthermore , it is important to keep the

**force**balance during the load transferwhich is not self evident due to possibly ... a full 3D FEA models are used for

global stress analysis which is a combination of sub - models of the heavy

**lift**vessel ...

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