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pressly (e) and weightily (1) as the Novum Organum: but they seem remarkable only for antithesis, something like Fuller, without his spirit: a sort of dry Fuller, or, as he would say, Fuller's earth : or like the Essay on Death, published also in the Remains, and ascribed without authority to the same illustrious author. (d)

The evidence in favour of the authenticity of the Paradoxes, from the style is, that -1. Aphorisms are the favorite style of Lord Bacon. (2) 2. the quavering upon a stop in music, the same with the playing of light upon the water?

Splendet tremulo sub lumine pontus:'"-See vol. ii, p. 124.

I could willingly indulge myself with the selection of other instances, but remembering the admonition that “ it is not granted to love and to be wise,” I stop.

(e) Ben Jonson in his Discoveries says, Dominus Verulamius. One though he be excellent, and the chief, is not to be imitated alone ; for no imitator ever grew up to his author : likeness is always on this side of truth; yet there happened in my time one noble speaker, who was full of gravity in his speaking. His language (where he could spare or pass by a jest) was nobly censorious. No man ever spake more neatly, more pressly, more weightily, or suffered less emptiness, less idleness in what he uttered. No member of his speech but consisted of his own graces.

His hearers could not cough, or look aside from him without loss. He commanded where he spoke; and had his judges angry and pleased at his devotion. No man had their affections more in his power. The fear of every man that heard him was lest he should make an end.

Take for instance any of the Nervous Aphorisms, in the Novum Organum, and compare it with the sentences of the Paradoxes.

(d) See Preface to vol. i. p. 35. (x) No man was, for his own sake, less attached to system

The paradoxes contain two of Lord Bacon's expressions; the one in the beginning of the 26th Paradox, “ He is often tossed and shaken, yet is as Mount Sion : he is a serpent and a dove,"(u) The other in the 10th Paradox. “ He lends and gives most freely, and yet he is the greatest usurer."(a) 3rd. That although the Paradoxes do not contain any patent internal evidence of their authenticity, yet there is latent evidence from the dissimilarity of the style, as Lord Bacon, knowing how to discover the

or ornament than Lord Bacon. A plain, unadorned style in aphorisms, in which the Novum Organum is written, is, he invariably states, the proper style for philosophy. In the midst of his own arrangement, in the Advancement of Learning, he says: " The worst and most absurd sort of triflers are those who have pent the whole art into strict methods and narrow systems which men commonly cry up for the sake of their regularity and style.” Then see Advancement of Learning, vol. ii. p. 203.

(u) This union of the serpent and the dove is a favourite image of Lord Bacon's. See the Advancement of Learning, vol. ii. p. 237 : “ It is not possible to join serpentine wisdom with the columbine innocency, except men know exactly all the conditions of the serpent; his baseness and going upon his belly, his volubility and lubricity, his envy and sting, and the rest; that is, all forms and natures of evil : for without this, virtue lieth open and unfenced.” See also vol. i. p. 205, in the Meditationes Sacræ, “ of the innocency of the dove, and the wisdom of the serpent."

(a) See Apophthegm 148, in vol. i. p. 381, it is as follows:

“ They would say of the duke of Guise, Henry, that had sold and oppignerated all his patrimony, to suffice the great donatives that he had made ; that he was the greatest usurer of France, because all his state was in obligations."

mind through words,(b) well knew the art of concealment by which he could cast a cloud about him so as to obscure himself from his enemies.(a) To this refined reason which, without proving the authenticity of the paradoxes, shews only that, by possibility, they may be authentic, it is sufficient to say that, as they were not published or intended for publication, it seems difficult to discover any assignable cause for this mystery. (y)



This was published in 1640, and there are copies in the British Museum, and at Cambridge: and a MSS, in Sloane's Collection, 23.


This was published in 8vo. in 1625,(d) and in the Resuscitatio. (2)


This was written and published in 4to in 1623, and in 1629; and there are MSS. in the British Museum.(c)

(6) See Treatise De Augmentis, b. vi. c. 1, § 11.

(a) See the Art of Self-Concealınent in the Advancement of Learning, vol. ii. p. 278. See also in the same work, p. 199, upon the art of writing in cyphers. See also under Parabolical Poetry, ibid, p.121. See ante, Essay on Dissimulation, vol.i. p. 17.

(y) If this had been his object, would the dove and the serpent have appeared.---T.C. G.

(d) There is a copy in the Bodleian. (2) Ante iii. and xxx. (c) Sloane's, 53. Harleian 3, 267, written in 1622.




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