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he is shortly to go into Spain about some other When I had written this letter, I received your business of his own, I farther desire your lordship lordship’s letter of the third of this present, whereto give him what expedition you can, that he may in your lordship showeth your solicitous care of receive no prejudice by his journey.

my health, which did wonderfully comfort me. Your lordship's ever at command, And it is true, that at this present I am very well,

G. BUCKINGHAM. and my supposed gout quite vanished. Endorsed-May 6, 1616.

I humbly pray you to commend my service, infinite in desire, howsoever limited in ability, to his majesty, to hear of whose health and good disposition is to me the greatest beatitude which

I can receive in this world. And I humbly beMY HONOURABLE LORD,

I have, by reports, heard that which doth much seech his majesty to pardon me, that I do not now grieve and trouble me, that your lordship hath, send him my account of council business, and through a pain in one of your legs, been forced to other his royal commands, till within these four keep your chamber. And, being desirous to un

days; because the flood of business of justice did derstand the true estate of your health, which hitherto wholly possess me; which, I know, reports do not always bring, i entreat your lord worketh this effect, as it contenteth his subjects,

and knitteth their hearts more and more to his ship to favour me with a word or two from yourself, which, I hope, will bring me the comfort I majesty, though, I must confess, my mind is upon desire, who cannot but be very sensible of what other matters, as his majesty shall know, by the soever happeneth to your lordship, as being

grace of God, at his return. God ever bless and Your lordship's most affectionate

prosper you.

Your lordship's true and most
to do you service,

devoted friend and servant,

FR. Bacon. From Edinburgh, the 3d of June, 1617.

Whitehall, this 8th of June, 1617.
His majesty, God be thanked, is very well, and
safely returned from his hunting journey.


Your lordship will understand, by Sir Thomas

Lake's letter, his majesty's directions touching My very GOOD LORD,

the surveyor's deputy of the Court of Wards. This day I have made even with the business And though I assure myself of your lordship's of the kingdom for common justice; not one care of the business, which his majesty maketh cause unheard; the lawyers drawn dry of all the his own: yet, my respect to Sir Robert Naunton* motions they were to make; not one petition maketh me add my recommendation thereof to unanswered. And this, I think, could not be your lordship, whom I desire to give all the fursaid in our age before. This I speak, not out of therance and assistance you can to the business, ostentation, but out of gladness, when I have that no prejudice or imputation may light upon done my duty. I know men think I cannot continue Sir Robert Naunton, through his zealous allection if I should thus oppress myself with business: but to attend his majesty in this journey. that account is made. The duties of life are more I will not omit to let you know, that his majesty than life; and if I die now, I shall die before the is very well, and receiveth much contentment in world be weary of me, which, in our times, is his journey. And with this conclusion I rest somewhat rare. And all this while I have been

Your lordship's most affectionate a little unperfect in my foot. But I have taken

to do you service pains more like the beast with four legs than like

G. BucxixGHAM a man with scarce two legs. But if it be a gout, Edinburgh, the 11th of June, 1617. which I do neither acknowledge, nor much disclaim, it is a good-natured gout; for I have no vage of it, and it goeth away quickly. I have hope it is but an accident of changing from a field

TO THE LORD VISCOUNT FENTON. airt to a Thames air;£ or rather, I think, it is the MY VERY GOOD Lord, distance of the king and your lordship from me, I thank your lordship for your courteous letter; that doth congeal my humours and spirits. and, if I were asked the question, I would always

* Burveyor of the Court of Wards. * Gray's Inn.

+ Sir Thomas Erskine, who, for his service to the king, in I Dorset House, originally belonging to the Bishops of the attempt of the Earl of Gowry, was, upon his majesty's Salisbury, afterwards the bouse of Sir Richard Sackville, accession to the throne of England, made captain of bts guard and hen of his son, Sir Thomas, Earl of Dorset, and lord in the room of Sir Walter Ralegh. He was afterwards

created Earl of Kelly.

• Alarl. MSS. vol. 7006.



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choose rather to have a letter of no news; for ( to take tobacco, and to speak neither Scottish nor news imports alteration; but letters of kindness English. Many such diseases of the times his and respect bring that which, though it be no majesty was pleased to enumerate, not fit for my news amongst friends, is more welcome. pen to remember, and graciously to recognise

I am exceedingly glad to hear, that this journey how much he was beholden to the English nation of his majesty, which I never esteemed more than for their love and conformity to his desires. The a long progress, save that it had reason of state king did personally and infallibly sit amongst joined with pleasure, doth sort to be so joyful and them of the Parliament every day; so that there 80 comfortable.

fell not a word amongst them but his majesty was For your Parliament, God speed it well: and of council with it. for ours, you know the sea would be calm, if it The whole assembly, after the wonted manner, were not for the winds: and I hope the king, was abstracted into eight bishops, eight lords, whensoever that shall be, will find those winds eight gentlemen, knights of the shires, and eight reasonably well laid. Now that the sun is got lay burgesses for towns. And this epitome of up a little higher, God ordains all things to the the whole Parliament did meet every day in one happiness of his majesty and his monarchy. room to treat and debate of the great affairs of the

My health, I thank God, is good; and I hope kingdom. There was exception taken against this supposed gout was but an incomer. I ever some of the Lower House, which were returned

by the country, being pointed at as men averse in Your lordship’s affectionate

their appetites and humours to the business of the and assured friend,

Parliament, who were deposed of their attendance

FR. Bacon. by the king's power, and others, better affected, Whitehall, June 18, 1617.

by the king's election, placed in their room.

The greatest and weightiest articles, agitated

in this Parliament, were specially touching the TO THE LORD KEEPER, WRITTEN FROM SCOT- government of the kirk and kirkmen, and for the LAND, JUNE 28, 1618.

abolishing of hereditary sheriffs to an annual 1 will begin to speak of the business of this charge; and to enable justices of the peace to day; opus hujus diei in die suo, which is of the have as well the real execution as the title of their Parliament. It began on the 7th of this month, places. For now the sheriff doth hold jura regaand ended this day, being the 28th of June. His lia in his circuit, without check or controlment; majesty, as I perceived by relation, rode thither and the justices of the peace do want the staff of in great state the first day. These eyes are wit- their authority. For the church and commonuesses that he rode in an honourable fashion, as I wealth, his majesty doth strive to shape the frame have seen him in England, this day. All the of this kingdom to the method and degrees of the lords rode in English robes; not an English lord government of England, as by reading of the on horseback, though all the Parliament House at several acts it may appear. The king's desire his majesty's elbow, but my Lord of Bucking- and travail herein, though he did suffer a momenham, who waited upon the king's stirrup in his tary opposition, (for his countrymen will speak collar

, but not in his robes. His majesty, the first boldly to him,) hatha in part been profitable. For, day, by way of preparation to the subject of the though he hath not fully and complementally Parliament, made a declaratory speech, wherein prevailed in all things, yet, he hath won ground he expressed himself what he would not do, but in most things, and hath gained acts of parliament what he would do. The relation is too prolix for to authorize particular commissioners, to set down a sheet of paper; and I am promised a copy of it, orders for the church and churchmen, and to treat which I will bring myself unto your lordship with with sheriffs for their offices, by way of pecuniary all the speed I may. But I may not be so reserved composition. But all these proceedings are to as not to tell your lordship, that in that speech have an inseparable reference to his majesty. If

was pleased to do England and any prove unreasonably and undutifully refractory, Englishmen much honour and grace; and that he his majesty hath declared himself, that he will prostudied nothing so much, sleeping and waking, ceed against him by the warrant of the law, and by as to reduce the barbarity (I have warrant to use the strength of his royal power. the king's own word) of this country unto the

His majesty's speech this day had a necessary sweet civility of ours; adding, farther, that if the connexion with his former discourse. He was Scottish nation would be as docible to learn the pleased to declare what was done and determined goodness of England, as they are teachable to in the progress of this Parliament; his reasons limp after their ill, he might with facility prevail for it; and that nothing was gotten by shoulderin his desire : for they had learned of the English ing or wrestling, but by debate, judgment, and to drink healths, to wear coaches and gay clothes, reason, without any interposition of his royal

power in any thing. He commanded the lords From a copy in the paper-office.

in state of judicature to give life, by a careful

his majesty

VOL. III. 14


execution unto the law, which otherwise was but My Lord of Pembroke, my Lord of Arundel, mortuum cadaver et bona peritura.

my Lord Zouch, and Mr. Secretary Lake, were Thus much touching the legal part of my ad- new sworn of the council here. vertisement un:o you. I will give your lordship an account in two lines of the complement of the country, time, and place.

T'he country affords more profit and better contentment than I could ever promise myself by my reading of it.

MY VERY GOOD LORD, The king was never more cheerful in body and I have sent enclosed a letter to his majesty conmind, never so well pleased: and so are the Eng- cerning the strangers; in which business I had lish of all conditions.

formerly written to your lordship a joint letter The entertainment very honourable, very gene- with my Lord of Canterbury, and my lord ral, and very full: every day feasts and invita- privy seal,* and Mr. Secretary Winwood. tions. I know not who paid for it. They strive, I am, I thank God, much relieved with my by direction, to give us all fair contentment, that being in the country air, and the order I keep; 80 we may know that the country is not so contempt- that, of late years, I have not found my health ible, but that it is worth the cherishing.

better. The lord provost of this town, who in Eng- Your lordship writeth seldomer than you were lish is the mayor, did feast the king and all the wont; but when you are once gotten into Eng. lords this week; and another day all the gentle- land you will be more at leisure. God bless and men. And, I confess, it was performed with prosper you. state, with abundance, and with a general content. Your lordship's true and devoted There is a general and a bold expectation, that

friend and servant, Mr. John Murray shall be created a baron of this

Fr. Bacon. country, and some do chat, that my Lord of Gorhambury, July 29, 1617. Buckingham's Mr. Wray shall be a groom of the bed-chamber in his place.

There hath been yet no creation of lords since his majesty did touch Scotland; but of knights

TO THE LORD KEEPER. many, yet not so many as we heard in England ; | My HONOURABLE LORD, but it is thought all the pensioners will be knights to-morrow. Neither are there any more English who, in this business of Sir John Bennet's;

I have acquainted his majesty with your letter, lords sworn of the privy council here, save my hath altogether followed your lordship’s direction. Lord of Buckingham. The Earl of Southampton, Montgomery, and despatch Mr. Lowder,s according to your lord

His majesty hath at length been pleased to Hay, are already gone for England.

I have made good profit of my journey hither; ship's desire, for the place in Ireland. "What the for I have gotten a transcript of the speech which cause of the stay was, I shall impart to your your lordship did deliver at your first and happy lordship when I see you, being now too long to

relate. sitting in Chancery, which I could not gain in England. It hath been showed to the king, and

His majesty hath not yet had leisure to read the

little book you sent me to present unto him; but, received due approbation. The God of heaven, all-wise and all-sufficient, guard and assist your it to him again.

as soon as I see the fittest opportunity, I will offer lordship in all your actions: for I can read here whatsoever your lordship doth act there; and

His majesty, God be thanked, is very well; your courses be such as you need not to fear to that you are of so good terni proof, which is the

and I am exceeding glad to hear of your health, give copies of them.

But the king's ears be wide and long, and he seeth with many eyes, most to the trial, which I wish may long continue

best of it, being you are in those businesses put All this works for your honour and comfort. I

in that strength, that you may still do his majesty pray God nothing be soiled, heated, or cooled in

and the carriage. Envy sometimes attends virtues, your country that good service, whereof we and not for good; and these bore certain proprieties and circumstances inherent to your lordship’s

Edward, Earl of Worcester, mind; which men may admire, I cannot express.

for Godstow, in Oxfordshire, who was sent to Brussels to But I will wade no farther time herein, lest I should the archduke, to expostulate with him concerning a libel on seem eloquent. I have been too saucy with your the king, imputed to Erycius Puteanus, and entitled , Isaací

Casauboni Corona Regia. lordship, and held you too long with my idleness,

He had been solicitor to the queen, but finding her dislike He that takes time from your lordship robs the to him, he was willing to part with his place for that of cze pomblic. God give your body health, and your

of the barons of the exchequer in Ireland; for which he

was recommended by the lord keeper to the Earl of Buckingsom heaven.

ham, in a letter dated at Whitehall, May 25, 2017

* Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.





hear so general approbation that it much rejoiceth
who rest

Your lordship's, ever at command,

His majesty hath spent some time with Sir Falkland, the 5th

Lionel Cranfield, about his business, of July, 1817.

wherewith he acquainted his majesty. He hath had some conference with your lordship, upon whose report to his majesty of your zeal and care of his service, which his majesty accepteth very well at your hands, he hath commanded Sir

L. Cranfield to attend your lordship, to signify My LORD :- I have received your lordship's letter by your man; but having so lately imparted service; unto whose relation I refer you. His

his farther pleasure for the furtherance of his my mind to you in my former letters, 1 refer your majesty's farther pleasure is, you acquaint no lordship to those letters without making a need

creature living with it, he having resolved to rely less repetition, and rest Your lordship’s at command,

upon your care and trust only.

Thus, wishing

you all happiness, I rest

Your lordship's faithful friend Ashton, the 25th of Aug, 1617.

and servant,

G. BUCKINGHAM. To my honourable lord, Sir Francis Bacon, October 26, 1617. Knight, Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of England.




Give me leave, I beseech your lordship, for MY VERY GOOD LORD,

want of other means, by this paper to let your I have reformed the ordinance according to his lordship understand, that notwithstanding I rest majesty's corrections, which were very material. in no contempt, nor have to my knowledge broken And for the first of phrasis non placet, I under

any order made by your lordship, concerning stand his majesty, nay, farther, I understand my- the trust, either for the payment. of

money, or self, the better for it. I send your lordship there assignment of land ; yet, by reason of my close føre six privy seals; for every court will look to imprisonment, and the unusual carriage of this have their several warrant. I send also, two bills

cause against me, I can get no counsel who will, for letters patents, to the two reporters: and for in open court, deliver my case unto your lordship. the persons, I send also four names, with my I must, therefore, humbly leave unto your lordcommendations of those two, for which I will ship’s wisdom, how far your lordship will, upon answer upon my knowledge. The naines must

my adversary's fraudulent bill, exhibited by the be filled in the blanks; and so they are to be wife without her husband's privity, extend the returned.

most powerful arm of your authority against me, For the business of the Court of Wards, your who desire nothing but the honest performance lordship’s letter found me in the care of it. of a trust, which I know not how to leave if I Therefore, according to his majesty's command- would. So, nothing doubting but your lordship ment, by you signified, I have sent a letter for his will do what appertaineth to justice, and the emi. majesty's signature. And the directions themselves are also to be signed. These are not to be * This gentleman was very unfortunate in his behaviour, returned to me, lest the secret come out; but to with regard to those who had the great seal; for in Hilary be sent to my Lord of Wallingford, as the packets pounds by the star Chamber, for casting an imputation of

Term, of the year 1623-4, he was fined three thousand use to be sent.

bribery on the Lord Keeper Williams, Bishop of Lincoln. I do much rejoice, to hear of his majesty's Ms. letter of Mr. Chamberlain, to Sir Dudley Carleton, health and good disposition. For me, though I dated at London, 1623-4. Sir Francis had been committed to

the Fleet for a contempt of a decree in Chancery; upon am incessantly in business, yet the reintegra- which he was charged, by Sir John Bennet, with having tion of your love, maketh me find all things said before sufficient witness, “that he could prove this holy

bishop judge had been bribed by some that fared well in their

causes." A few days after the sentence in the Star ChamGod preserve and prosper you.

ber, the lord keeper sent for Sir Francis, and told him he Your lordship's true friend,

would refute his foul aspersions, and prove upon him that he and devoted servant,

gcorned the pell of the world, or to exact, or make lucre, of

any man; and that, for his own part, he forgave him every FR. Bacon.

penny of his fine, and would crave the same mercy towarda

him from the king.-Bishop Hacket's Life of Archbishop Dictober 18, 1617.

Williams, Part I., p. 83, 84.


York House,

TO THE LORD KEEPER.. nent place of equity your lordship holdeth, I must, since I cannot understand from your lord- MY HONOURABLE LORD, ship the cause of my late close restraint, rest,

The certificate being returned upon the comduring your lordship's pleasure,

mission touching Sir Richard Haughton's alum Your lordship's close prisoner in the Fleet, mines, I have thought fit to desire your lordship's


furtherance in the business, which his majesty Oct. 28, 1617.

(as your lordship will see by his letter) much affecteth as a bargain for his advantage, and for

the present relief of Sir Richard Haughton. TO THE LORD KEEPER.

What favour your lordship shall do him therein MY HONOURABLE LORD,

I will not fail to acknowledge, and will ever rest I have thought good to renew my motion to

Your lordship's faithful servant, your lordship, in the behalf of my Lord of Hun

G. BUCKINGHAM. tingdon, my Lord Stanhope, and Sir Thomas

Endorsed, Gerard; for that I am more particularly ac

Received, November 16, 1617. quainted with their desires; they only seeking the true advancement of the charitable uses, unto which the land, given by their grandfather, was

TO THE LORD KEEPER. intended: which, as I am informed, was meant MY HONOURABLE LORD, by way of a corporation, and by this means, that I have acquainted his majesty with your lordit might be settled upon the schoolmaster, usher, ship's letter, who liketh well of the judges' opiand poor, and the coheirs to be visitors. The nion you sent unto him, and hath pricked the tenants might be conscionably dealt withal; and sheriff of Buckinghamshire in the roll you sent, so it will be out of the power of any feoffees to which I returned signed unto your lordship. abuse the trust; which, it hath been lately His majesty takes very well the pains you have proved, have been hitherto the hindrance of this taken in sending to Sir Lionel Cranfield; and good work. These coheirs desire only the ho- desireth you to send to him again, and to quicken nour of their ancestor's gift, and wish the money, him in the business. misemployed and ordered to be paid into court by Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, Sir John Harper, may rather be bestowed by

G. BUCKINGHAM. your lordship's discretion for the augmentation of the foundation of their ancestors, than by the his household, wherewith he would have your

His majesty liketh well the course taken about censure of any other. And so I rest

lordship, and the rest of his council, to go forward. Your lordship's servant, G. BUCKINGHAM.

Newmarket, the 17th November, 1617.
Theobalds, November 12.


My Lord of Buckingham showing his majesty's apo

probation of the courses held touching the household. TO THE LORD KEEPER. MY HONOURABLE LORD,

TO THE EARL OF BUCKINGRAMI Though I had resolved to give your lordship no MY VERY GOOD Lord, more trouble in matters of controversy depending The last letter of my lord's, whereof the conclubefore you, with what importance soever my let- sion, indeed, is a little blunt, as the king calleth ters had been, yet the respect I bear unto this it, was concluded in my absence, which hath been gentleman hath so far forced my resolution, as to but once since I came to this town; and brought recommend unto your lordship the suit, which, I me by the clerk of the council, as I sat in am informed by him, is to receive a hearing before Chancery. Whereupon I retired to a little closet you on Monday next, between Barneby Leigh and I have there, and signed it, not thinking fit to Sir Edward Dyer, plaintiffs, and Sir Thomas sever. Thynne,& defendant; wherein I desire your lord For my opinion, I despatched it the morrow ship’s favour on the plaintiffs so far only as the following. And till Sir Lionel Cranfields be justice of their cause shall require. And so I rest Your lordship’s faithful servant,

* Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.


I In answer to his lordship's letter from New market, No

vember 19, 1617, printed in Lord Bacon's Works. Newmarket, the 15th of November.

He was originally a inerchant in the city of London, In Endorsed, 1617.

troduced to the king's knowledge by the Earl of Northamp

ton, and into his service by ine Earl of Buckingham, being # Harl MSS. vol. 7006.

+ Ibid. the great projector for reforming the king's household, ad. 1 Eldest son of Sir John Thynne, knight, who died, Novem- vancing the customs, and other services; for which he was ber 21, 1601. This Sir Thomas's younger son by his first made lord treasurer, Baron Cranfield, and Earl of Middleses; wife, Marv, daughter of George, Lord Audley, was father of but being accused by the House of Commons for misdemeanThomas Thynne, Esq.; assassinated by the followers of ors in his office, he had a severe sentence passad upon bim Count Conigsmark, February 12, 1082-3.

| by the lords in 1624.

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