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the deputy I approve and commend; for I ever

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.. loved entire and good compositions, which was MY HONOURABLE LORD, the old physic, better than fine separations. Whereas it hath pleased his majesty to recom

Your friendly attributes I take as effects of mend unto your consideration a petition exhibited affection; which must be causes of any good by Mr. Fowle, together with the grievances and offices, wherewith I can requite you.

request for the rectifying of the work of gold and We conceive that kingdom is in growth. God silver thread; and now understandeth that your send soundness to the increase; wherein I doubt lordship hath called unto you the other commisnot but your lordship will do your part. God sioners in that case, and spent some time to hear keep you.

what the opposers could object, and perceiveih Your lordship's very loving friend, by a relation of a good entrance you have made

Fra. Bacon, Canc. into the business; and is now informed, that York House, April 15, 1618.

there remaineth great store of gold and silver thread in the merchants' hands, brought from foreign parts, besides that which is brought in daily

by stealth, and wrought here by underhand TO THE LORD CHIEF JUSTICE OF IRELAND.*

workers; so that the agents want vent, with My LORD Chief Justice,

which inconveniences it seemeth the ordinary I thank you for your letter, and assure you, course of law cannot so well meet; and yet they tnat you are not deceived, neither in the care I are enforced, for freeing of clamour, to set great have of the public in that state, nor in my good numbers of people on work; so that the commowishes, and the effects thereof, when it shall lie dity lying dead in their hands, will in a very in my power towards yourself.

short time grow to a very great sum of money. I am glad to receive your testimony of my lord To the end, therefore, that the undertakers may deputy, both because I esteem your judgment, not be disheartened by these wrongs and losses, and because it concurreth with my own.

his majesty hath commanded me to write unto The materials of that kingdom, which is trade your lordship, to the end you might bestow more and wealth, grow on apace. I hope the form, time this vacation in prosecuting the course you which giveth the best living of religion and jus- have so worthily begun, that all differences being tice, will not be behind, the rather by you, as a reconciled, the defects of the commission may be good instrument. I rest

also amended, for prevention of farther abuses Your lordship's assured friend, therein; so as the agents may receive encourageFr. Bacon, Canc.

ment to go on quietly in the work without disYork House, * * of April, 1618.

turbance. And I rest
Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,

G. BUCKINGHAM.

From Bewly, the 20th day of Aug., 1018.
TO THE LORD CHANCELLUR. I
MY HONOURABLE LORD,
I will not go about to excuse mine own fault,

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.
by making you believe his majesty was backward
in your business; but upon the first motion he Most HONOURABLE LORD,
gave mu directions for it, which it was my negli-

Herewithal, I presumed to send a note enclosed, genre, as I freely confess, that I have no sooner both of my business in Chancery, and with my performed, having not been slack in moving his Lord Roos, which it pleased your lordship to de majesty, but in despatching your man. All is

mand of me, that so you might better do me good done which your lordship desired; and I will in utroque genere. It may please your lordship, give order, according to his majesty's directions, after having perused it, to commend it over to the so that your lordship shall not need to trouble care of Mr. Meautys for better custody. yourself any farther, but only to expect the

At my parting last from your lordship, the speedy performance of his majesty's gracious grief I had to leave your lordship's presence, pleasure.

though but for a little time, was such, as that I will take the first opportunity to acquaint being accompanied with some small corporal inliis majesty with the other business, and will disposition that I was in, made me forgetful to ever rest,

say that, which now for his majesty's service I Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,

thought myself bound not to silence. I was G. BUCKINGHAM.

credibly informed and assured, when the Spanish Theobalds, the 8th of May, (1618.]

ambassador vent away, that howsoever Ralegh

and the prenticest should fall out to be proceeded Sir William Jones, to whom, upon his being called to that post, the lord keeper made a speech, printed in his works. • Earl. MSS. vol. 7006.

+ Who, on the 12th of July, 1618, had insulted Gondomai

Harl. MSS. vol. 7000.

withal, no more instances would be made here, thread business; as also of the profit that shall any
after on the part of Spain for justice to be done way accrue unto him thereby. Wherefore his
erer in these particulars : but that if slackness pleasure is, that you shall, with all convenient
were used here, they would be laid up in the speed, call unto you the Lord Chief Justice of the
deck, and would serve for materials (this was the King's Bench,* the attorney-general,t and the
very word) of future and final discontentments. solicitor,& and consider with them of every of
Now, as the humour and design of some may the said particulars, and return them to his ma-
carry them towards troubling of the waters, so I jesty, that thereupon he may resolve what pre-
know your lordship’s both nature and great place sent course to take for the advancement of the
require an appeasing them at your hands. And execution thereof. And so I rest
I have not presumed to say this little out of any Your lordship's faithful servant,
mind at all, that I may have, to meddle with mat-

G. BUCKINGHAM.
ters so far above me, but out of a thought I had, Theobalds, the 4th of Oct., 1618.
that I was tied in duty to lay thus much under
your lordship's eye; because I know and con-
sider of whom I heard that speech, and with how
grave circumstances it was delivered.

TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. 1 beseech Jesus to give continuance and in- MY VERY GOOD LORD, crease to your lordship’s happiness; and that, if

I send the commission for making Lincoln's it may stand with his will, myself may one day Inn Fields into walks, for his majesty's signature. have the honour of casting some small mite into It is without charge to his majesty. that rich treasury. So I humbly do your lordship

We have had my Lord of Ormondes before us.
Teverence, and continue

We could not yet get him to answer directly,
The most obliged of your lordship's

whether he would obey the king's award or no.
many faithful servants,

After we had endured his importunity and imperti-
Tobie MATTHEW.

nences, and yet let him down to this, that his
Nottingham, this 21st of August, 1618.

majesty's award was not only just and within his

submission, but in his favour; we concluded in TO MR. (AFTERWARDS BIR) ISAAC WAKE, H18 few words, that the award must be obeyed, and MAJESTY'S AGENT AT THE COURT OF SAVOY.

if he did refuse or impugn the execution of it in Mr. Wake -I have received some letters from Ireland, he was to be punished by the justice of you; and hearing from my Lord Cavendish* Ireland: if he did murmur or scandalize it here, how well be affects you, and taking notice also or trouble his majesty any more, he was to be of your good abilities and services in his majesty's punished in England. Then he asked, whether affairs

, and not forgetting the knowledge 1 had, he might be gone. For that, we told him, his when young, of your good father, t I thought my- majesty's pleasure was to be known, self in some measure tied not to keep from you my Sir Robert Mansell hath promised to bring his good opinion of you, and my desire to give you summer account this day sevennight. God preany furtherance in your fortunes and occasions,

serve and prosper you. whereof you may take knowledge and liberty to

Your lordship's most obliged use me for your good. Fare you well.

friend and faithful servant,
Your very loving friend,

FR. VERULAM, Canc.
Fr. Verulam,& Canc.

November 12, 1618.
York House, this 1st of Dept., 1618.

i

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.!!
MY HONOURABLE LORD,

His majesty is desirous to be satisfied of the MY HONOURABLE LORD,
fitness and conveniency of the gold and silver I send your lordship the commission signed by
the Spanish anıbassador, on account of a boy’s being hurt by his majesty, which he was very willing to
hier as he was riding. Camdeni Annales Regis Jacobi I., p.
3.) They were proceeded against by commissioners, at * Sir Henry Montagu.
Guildhall, on Wednesday, the lah of August following; + Sir Henry Yelverton.

Sir Thomas Coventis seven being found guilty, and adjudged to six months' im- Walter, Earl of Ormonde, grandfather of James, the first prisonment, and to pay five hundred pounds apiece. Two Duke of Ormonde. This earl, upon the deaih of Thomas, others were acquitted. MS. letter of Mr. Chamberlain to Sir Earl of Ormonde and Ossory, succeeding to those honours, Dudley Carleton, London, August 15, 1618.

should have inherited likewise the greatest part of the estate William Cavendish, son and heir of William, created but his right was contested by Sir Richard Preston, Lord Baron Cavendish Hardwicke in Derbyshire, in May, 1605, Dingwell, supported by the favour of King

James 1., who and Earl of Devonshire, July 12, 1618.

made an award, which Walter, Earl of Ormonde, conceiving † Arthur Wake, rector of Billing in Northamptonshire, so be unjust, refused to submit to, and was, by the king'« master of the hospital of St. John in Northampion, and order, committed to the Fleet, where he remained eight canos of Christ Church, Oxford.

years before the death of that king; but in 1625 recovered his He had been created Lord Verulam on the 12th of July, 1618. liberty. Harl. M88, vol. 7006.

11 Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

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despatch, as a business very commendable and

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. worthy to be taken in hand.

MY HONOURABLE LORD, For the Earl of Ormonde, his majesty made no I have written a letter unto your lordship, which other answer, but that he hopeth he is not so will be delivered unto you in behalf of Dr. Steward; unmannerly, as to go away without taking leave and, besides, have thought fit to use all freedom of his majesty.

with you in that, as in other things; and, thereFor Sir Robert Mansell's account, his majesty fore, have thought fit to tell you, that he being a saith he is very slow, especially being but a sum man of very good reputation, and a stout man, mary account, and that he promised to bring it in that will not yield to any thing, wherein he conbefore: and therefore would have him tied to the ceiveth any hard course against him, I should be day he hath now set, without any farther delay. sorry he should make any complaint against you.

This last his majesty commanded me to put in And, therefore, if you can advise of any course, after I had written and signed my letter.

how you may be eased of that burden, and freed Your lordship’s faithful friend and servant, from his complaint, without show of any fear of

G. BUCKINGHAM. him, or any thing he can say, I will be ready to Royston, the 13th of November, 1618.

join with you for the accomplishment thereof:
and so, desiring you to excuse the long stay of
your man, I rest
Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,

G. BUCKINGHAM.
TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.*

From Newmarket, 3d of December, 1618. MY HONOURABLE LORD,

Having formerly moved your lordship in the business of this bearer, Mr. Wyche, of whom, as I understand, your lordship hath had a special TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. care to do him favour, according to the equity of MY VERY GOOD LORD, his cause; now, seeing that the cause is shortly Yesternight we despatched the Lord Ridgeto be heard, I have thought fit to continue my way's account. Good service is done. Seven recommendation of the business unto you, desir- or eight thousand pounds are coming to the king, ing your lordship to show what favour you law- and a good precedent set for accounts. fully may unto Mr. Wyche, according as the There came to the seal about a fortnight since justness of the cause shall require: which I will a strange book passed by Mr. Attorney to one Mr. acknowledge as a courtesy from your lordship, Hall; and it is to make subjects, (for so is denizaand ever rest

tion,) and this to go to a private use, till some Your lordship’s faithful friend and servant, thousand pounds be made of it. The number

G. BUCKINGHAM. one hundred denizens. And, whereas, all books Newmarket, the 18th of November, 1618.

of that nature had an exception of merchants, (which importeth the king not much in his customs only, for that is provided for in the book, but many other ways,) this takes in merchants

and all. I acquainted the commissioners with it, MY HONOURABLE LORD,

and by one consent it is stayed. But let me I send your lordship the bill of the sheriff of of this nature, so to raise money for himself, being

counsel his majesty to grant forth a commission Hereford and Leicester, pricked and signed by

a flower of the crown: and Hall may be rewarded his majesty, who hath likewise commanded me to send unto your lordship these additions of instruc- out of it; and it would be to principal persons,

that it

may

be carried with election and discretion, tions, sent unto him by the surveyor and receiver of the Court of Wards; wherein, because he whom to admit to denization, and whom not.

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.

God ever bless and prosper you. knoweth not what to prescribe without understanding what objections can be made, his plea

Your lordship’s most faithful sure is, that your lordship advise and consider of

and obliged friend and servant, them, and send him your opinion of them, that he

FR. VERULAM, Canc.

December 8, 1618. inay then take such course therein, as shall be fit.

His majesty commanded me to give you thanks for your care of his service; and so I rest

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.
Your lordship's faithful servant, MY HONOURABLE LORD,

G. BUCKINGHAM. I thank your lordship for the favour, which I Newmarket, 22d of November.

understand Sir Francis Engelfyld hath received Endorsed, 1618.

Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.
+ Ibid.

• Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

from your lordship upon my last letter, where- upon the reason you allege, whereof his majesty
unto I desire your lordship to add this one favour will speak farther with you at his return.
more, (which is the same that I understand your The letter, which you sent me about my Lord
lordship granted him at Christmas last,) to give of Ormonde's son, is not according to his majes-
him liberty for the space of a fortnight, to follow ty's meaning; but I would have you frame an-
his business in his own person; whereby he may other to my lord deputy to this purpose : " That
bring it to the more speedy end, putting in his majesty having seen a letter of his to Sir
security according to the ordinary course, to ren- Francis Blundell, advertising, that the Earl of
der himself prisoner again as soon as that time Ormonde's son, and some other of his kindred,
is expired: which is all that I desire for him, and did victual and fortify their houses; his majesty
in which I will acknowledge your lordship’s hath thereupon commanded you to write unto him,
favour towards him; and ever rest

that if the ground of informat on be true, (which Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, he may best know,) that then he send for the said

G. BUCKINGHAM. earl's son, and the principal of his kindred to Newmarket, the 10th of December, 1618.

appear before him: and if they appear, and give him satisfaction, it is well; but if they refuse to

appear, or give him not satisfaction, though they TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. appear; that then he assemble what forces he can, MY VERY GOOD LORD,

be they never so few, and go against them, that I send you herewith the copy of a letter which he may crush the rebellion in the egg.” we, the commissioners for Ormonde's cause, have

I have remembered his majesty, as I promised written to the Deputy of Ireland, according to his your lordship, about the naming you for a commajesty's pleasure, signified by Sir Francis Blun- missioner to treat with the Hollanders: but, bedell; which I humbly desire his majesty would sides that you have so many businesses, both of the peruse, that if it do not attain his meaning, as Star Chamber, and others in the term time, when we conveyed it, we may second it with a new

this must be attended as well as in the vacation, letter.

whereby this would be either too great a toil to We have appointed Monday morning for these you, or a hindrance to his majesty's service; he mint businesses

, referred by his majesty to certain thinketh it could not stand with the honour of commissioners, and we will carry it sine strepitu. your place to be balanced with those that are sent

The patent touching Guinea and Bynny for the from the state, so far unequal to his majesty, and trade of gold, stayed first by myself, and after by being themselves none of the greatest of the state. his majesty's commandment, we have now settled Therefore, his majesty holdeth it not fit or worthy by consent of all parties.

of you to put you into such an employment, in Mr. Attorney, by my direction, hath made, upon which none of your predecessors, or any of the his information exhibited into the Star Chamber, chief counsellors, have been ever used in this a thundering motion against the transportation of kind, but only in a treaty of marriage or conclugold by the Dutch; which all the town is glad sion of a peace; as when the Constable of Castile of; and I have granted divers writs of ne exeat was here, when the commissioners on both sides regnum, according to his majesty's warrant.

had their authority under the great seal of either Sir Edward Coke keeps in still, and we have kingdom, with direct relation to their sovereigns, miss of him; but I supply it as I may by my far differing from this coinmission, which is now farther diligence. God ever bless you and keep given to these men, and whereunto his majesty

is to frame the course of his. As for the part Your lordship’s most faithful and

which concerneth Scotland, the choice hath not bounden friend and servant,

been made of the chancellor or Archbishop of St. FR. VERULAM, Canc.

Andrew's, but of men nearer the rank of those December 11, 1618.

that come hither to treat. As yet his majesty I forget not your doctor's matter. I shall delayeth to give any commission at all, because speak with him to-day, having received your he would first be informed from the lords, both lordship’s letter; and what is possible shall be of the points and form of their commission, which done. I pray pardon my scribbling in haste. his majesty hitherto understandeth to be, with

authority to overrule and direct their merchants

in what they shall think fit; which, if it be so, TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.

then his majesty holdeth it fit for his part, to My HONOURABLE LORD,

appoint the whole body of the council with like Whave acquainted your majesty with your letter, power over his merchants. As for me, I shall be who is very well pleased with your care of his ever ready upon any occasion to show myself service, in making stay of the grant of denizens

Your lordship's faithful friend ard servanı,

G. BUCKINGHAM. * Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

Newmarket, the 14th of December, 1618

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you.

TO THE LADY CLIFFORD.

gone into England. He tells me, that Galileo MY VERY GOOD LADY AND Cousin,

had answered your discourse concerning the flux I shall not be wanting in any thing, that may and reflux of the sea, and was sending it unto express my good affection and wishes towards me; but that Mr. White hindered him, because your ladyship, being so near unto me, and the his answer was grounded upon a false supposidaughter of a father, to whom I was in the tion, namely, that there was in the ocean a full passages of my fortune much obliged. So, with sea but once in twenty-four hours. But now I my loving commendations, in the midst of busi- will call upon Galileo again. This Mr. White ness, I rest

is a discreet and understanding gentleman, Your affectionate kinsman

though he seem a little soft, if not slow; and and assured friend, he hath in his hands all the works, as I take

FR. VERULAM, Canc. it, of Galileo, some printed, and some unprinted. York House, this 25th of January, 1618.

He hath his discourse of the flux and reflux of the sea, which was never printed; as also a dis. course of the mixture of metals. Those which

are printed, in his hand, are these: the Nuncius TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.

sidereus ; Macchie solari, and a third Delle Cose, MY HONOURABLE LORD,

che stanno su l'acqua, by occasion of a disputaLest my often writing may make your lordship tion, that was amongst learned men in Florence, conceive that this letter hath been drawn from about that which Archimedes wrote, de insidentiyou by importunity, I have thought fit, for pre- bus humido. venting of any such conceit, to let your lordship I have conceived that your lordship would know, that Sir John Wentworth, whose business not be sorry to see these discourses, of that I now recommend, is a gentleman whom I es man; and therefore I have thought it belongteem in more than an ordinary degree. And ing to my service to your lordship, to give therefore I desire your lordship to show him him a letter of this date, though it will not be what favour you can, for my sake, in his suit, there so soon as this. The gentleman hath no which his majesty hath referred to your lordship: pretence or business before your lordship, but is which I will acknowledge as a courtesy unto willing to do your Jordship all humble service; me, and rest

and, therefore, both for this reason, as also upon Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, my humble request, I beseech your lordship to

G. BUCKINGHAM. bestow a countenance of grace upon him. I am Newmarket, January 26, 1618.

beholden to this gentleman; and, if your lord ship shall vouchsafe to ask him of me, I shall

receive honour by it. And I most humbly do TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.*

your lordship's reverence.

Your lordship's most obliged servant, MY HONOURABLE LORD,

TOBIE MATTHEW. I being desired by a special friend of mine, to

Brussels, from my bed, the 14th of April, 1619. recommend unto your lordship’s favour, the case of this petitioner, have thought fit to desire you, for my sake, to show him all the favour you may in this his desire, as you shall find it in reason to

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. deserve; which I shall take as a courtesy from My HONOURABLE Lord, your lordship, and ever rest

His majesty hath commanded me to signify Your lordship’s faithful friend and servant, unto your lordship, that it is his pleasure you put

G. BUCKINGHAM. off the hearing of the cause between Sir Arthur

Manwaring and Gabriel Dennis, till toward the I thank your lordship for your favour to Sir end of the term; because his majesty is graciously John Wentworth, in the despatch of his pleased to be at the hearing thereof himself. business.

And so I rest Newmarket, March 15, 1616.

Your lordship’s faithful friend and servant,

G. BUCKINGHAM.

Roystou, April 13, 1619.
TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR, AND SIR LIONEL Must HONOURABLE LORD,

TANFIELD, LORD CHIEF BARON OF THE EX. It may please your lordship, there was with CHEQUER.* me this day, one Mr. Richard White, who hath MY LORDS,–His majesty baving been mored spent some little time at Florence, and is now by the Duke of Savoy's ambassador, in the

• Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

* Harl. MSS. vol. 7006,

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