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ded me

that weight.

behalf of Philip Bernardi, whom he is to send TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.
about some special employment over the seas, MY VERY GOOD Lord,
to the Duke of Savoy, that before his going,

I am much bounden to his majesty, and like. the business mentioned in this petition may be wise to your lordship. I see, by the late accesses ended, hath comm

recommend the

I have had with his majesty, and now by his same unto your lordship's care, that with all

royal and real favour,* that he loveth me, and expedition the cause may be heard and ended by acknowledgeth me for the servant that I am, or your lordships, according to his majesty's refer- desire to be. 'This, in me, must turn to a great ence; or left to the determination of the Court

alacrity to honour and serve him with a mind less of Chancery, where it is depending, and where troubled and divided. And, for your lordship, the party assureth himself of a speedy end.

my affection may and doth daily receive addition, And so I rest your lordship’s

but cannot, nor never could, receive alteration. very assured friend at command,

I pray present my humble thanks to his majesty; G. BUCKINGHAM.

and I am very glad his health confirmeth; and I Royston, the 19th of April, 1619.

hope to see him this summer at Gorhambury; there is sweet air as any is. God preserve and prosper you both. I ever rest

Your lordship's most obliged TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.

friend and faithful servant, MY VERY GOOD LORD,

FR. VERULAM, Canc. I think fit to let your lordship understand what May 9, 1619. passed yesterday in the Star Chamber, touching Suffolk's business. There came to me the clerk of the court in the

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. inner chamber, and told me that my Lord of Suf- MY HONOURABLE LORD, folk desired to be heard his council, at the * His majesty was pleased, at the suit of some sitting of the court, because it was pen *** him. who have near relation to me, to grant a license

1 marvelled I heard not of it by Mr. Attorney, for transportation of butter out of Wales, unto who should have let me know as much, that I one Lewis and Williams, who, in consideration might not be taken on the sudden in a cause of that the patent should be passed in their names,

entered into articles for the performance of certain I called, presently, Mr. Attorney to me, and conditions agreed upon between them, which, now asked him whether he knew of the motion, and that the patent is under the great seal, they utterly what it

was, and how he was provided to answer refuse to perform. My desire, therefore, to your it. He signified to me, that my lord would desire lordship is, that you would call the said Lewis to have the commission for examinations in Ire- and Williams before you, with the other parties, land, to be returnable in Michaelmas term. 1 or some of them, who shall be ready at all times said it might not be, and presently drew the coun

to attend your lordship; and, out of your concil, then present, to me, and made Mr. Attorney sideration of the matter, according to equity, to repeat to them the passages past, and settled it, take such course therein, that either the said that the commission should be returnable the first agreement may be performed, or that they which day of the next term, and then, republication refuse it may receive no benefit of the patent; granted, that it might, if accidents of wind and which, upon reason thereof, was passed in their weather permit, come to hearing in the term. names.

And herein I desire your lordship to And, upon motion in open court, it was ordered make what expedition you can; because, now is accordingly.

the season to make provision of the butter that, God ever preserve and prosper you. I pray for this year, is to be transported, whereof they God this great easterly wind agree well with his take advantage to stand out.

And so I rest majesty

Your lordship's faithful
Your lordship's most obliged
friend and faithful servant,


Greenwich, May 14, 1619.
May 6, 1619.

Sent by Sir Gilbert Houghton.


'Though it be nothing, and all is but duty, yei, * Thomas Howard, Earl of Suffolk, who had been made I pray, show his majesty the paper enclosed, that lord treasurer in 1614. He was accused of several misdemean. ors in that office, logether with his lady, and Sir John Bingley, * Probably the grant made to him, about this time, ot her lady ship's agent ; and an information preferred against twelve hundred pounds a year. them all in the Star Chamber.

friend and servant,

+ Harl. MSS. vo!. 7006,

his majesty may see how careful his poor servant | And, therefore, since his coming to Windsor is S, upon every emergent occasion, to do him what prolonged, I thought to keep day by letter, prayhonour he can. The motion made in court by the ing your lordship to commend my most humble king's sergeant, Crew,* that the declaration might service to his majesty, and to let him know, that be made parcel of the record, and that I hear since I see his majesty doth me the honour as to otherwise of the great satisfaction abroad, encou- rely upon my care and service, I lose no time in rageth me to let his majesty know what passed. that which may pertain thereunto. I see the God ever preserve and prosper you both. straits, and I see the way out; and what lieth in Your lordship's obliged friend

one man, whom he hath made great, and trained, and faithful servant, shall not be wanting. And, I hope, if God give

FR. VERULAM, Canc. me life for a year or two, to give his majesty Endorsed,

cause to think of me seven years after I am dead. June 29, 1619. My lord to my lord marquis, en

I am glad the time approacheth, when I shall closing the form of a declaration used in point of have the happiness to kiss his majesty's hands, acknowledgment in the Lady Exeter’st cause. and to embrace your lordship, ever resting

Your lordship's most obliged friend
and faithful servant,


York House, Aug. 28, 1619. I PURPOSED to have seen you to-day, and receive your commandments before the progress; but I came not to London till it was late, and found you

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. were gone before I came. Nevertheless, I would

MY HONOURABLE LORD, not fail to let your lordship understand, that, as I find every day more and more occasions whereby Thomas Digby, wherein he complaineth of great

His majesty, upon a petition delivered by Mr. you bind me to you; so, this morning, the king wrongs done unto him, hath been pleased, for his of himself did tell me some testimony, that your more speedy relief and redress, if it prove as he lordship gave of me to his majesty even now, allegeth, to refer the consideration thereof unto when you went from him, of so great affection

your lordship. And, because he is a gentleman, and commendation, (for I must ascribe your com- whom I have long known and loved, I could not mendation to affection, being above my merit,) as but add my desire to your lordship, that if you I must do contrary to that that painters do; for find he hath been wronged, you would do him so they desire to make the picture to the life, and I much favour, as to give him such remedy as the must endeavour to make the life to the picture, it equity of his case may require. For which I will hath pleased you to make so honourable a descrip-ever rest tion of me. I can be but yours, and desire to

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, better myself, that I may be of more worth to

G. BUCKINGHAM. such an owner.

Royston, Oct. 8, 1619.
I hope to give the king a good account of my
time this vacation.
If your lordship pass back by London, I desire

to wait on you, and discourse a little with you: MY HONOURABLE Lord,
if not, my prayers shall go progress with you,

I have acquainted his majesty with your letter, and my letters attend you, as occasion serveth.

who hath given order to Mr. Secretary Calvert to God ever preserve and prosper you.

signify his pleasure for the proceeding in that Your lordship's most obliged

business, whereof you write, without any farther friend and faithful servant,

delay, as your lordship will more fully underFR. VERULAM, Canc.

stand by Mr. Secretary, who for that purpose is July 1, 1619.

to return to London against the day of hearing.

I have no answer to make to your former letter, TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.

and will add no more to this, but that his majesty MY VERY GOOD LORD,

hath a great confidence in your care of his ses

vice. And so I rest This day, according to the first appointment, I thought to have waited upon his majesty, and to

Your lordship’s faithful friend and servant,

G, BUCKINGHAN, have given him an account of my cares and pre

Royston, Oct. 10, 1019. parations for his service, which is my progress.

Endorsed, * Sir Randolph Crew, made Chief Justice of the King's Showing his majesty's acceptation of your lordBench, January 26, 1624.

ship's care, in particular in the business against + Countess of Exeter, accused of incest and other crimes

the Earl of Suffolk. by the Lady Lake, wife of Secretary Lake, and their daughter the Lady Roos.

* Harl. M88. vol. 7000.



MY VERY GOOD LORD, After my last letter yesterday we entered into I am doubly bounden to the king for his maconference touching the Suffolk cause, myself, jesty's trust and acceptation; whereof the one I and the commissioners, and the two chief jus- will never deceive; the other, though I cannot tices.* The fruit of this conference is, that we deserve, yet I will do my best, and perhaps as all conceive the proceedings against my lord him- much as another man. self to be not only just and honourable, but in This day the evidence went well; for the solisome principal parts plausible in regard of the citor* did his part substantially: and, a little to public; as, namely, those three points which warm the business, when the misemployment of touch upon the ordnance, the army of Ireland, treasure, which had relation to the army of Ireand the money of the cautionary towns; and the land, I spake a word, that he that did draw or two chief justices are firm in it.

milk treasure from Ireland was handled, did not I did also in this cause, by the assent of my emulgere, milk money, but blood. But this is lords, remove a part; for Mr. Attorney had laid but one of the little things that I wrote of before. it upon Serjeant Daviest to open the information, The king, under pardon, must come hither which is that which gives much life or coldness with two resolutions; the one, to remit all imto the cause. But I will have none but trained portunity touching this cause to the lords in court men in this cause; and I cannot forget that the of justice; the other, to pursue the designs first allotting of the opening of the information in this taken at Windsor, and then at Hampton Court, cause of the Dutch (I mean the main cause) to a for his commission of treasury: wherein I do my mean fellow, one Hughes, did hurt, and was part, and it is reasonably well; but better would never well recovered.

it be if instruments were not impediments. I By my next I will write of the king's estate : ever rest and I ever rest

Your lordship's most obliged friend Your lordship's most obliged friend

and faithful servant, and faithful servant,

FR. VERULAM, Canc. FR. VERULAM, Canc. October 27, Wednesday. October 14, 1619

Friday will not end the business; for to

morrow will but go through with the king's TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.

evidence. My VERY GOOD LORD,

This morning the duket came to me, and told me the king's cause was yesterday left fair; and

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. if ever there were a time of my Lord of Suffolk's MY HONOURABLE LORD, submission, it was now; and that if my Lord of

This bearer, a Frenchman, belonging to the Suffolk should come into the Court and openly ambassador, having put an Englishman in suit acknowledge his delinquency, he thought it was for some matters between them, is much hindered a thing considerable. My answer was, I would and molested, by often removing of the cause not meddle in it; and, if I did, it must be to dis- from one court to another. Your lordship knows, saade any such course; for that all would be but that the French are not acquainted with our mana play upon the stage, if justice went not on in

of proceedings in the law, and must therefore the right course.

This I thought it my duty to be ignorant of the remedy in such a case. His let the king know by your lordship.

course was to his majesty; but I thought it more I cannot express the care I have had of this

proper that your lordship would be pleased to cause in a number of circumstances and discre-hear and understand this case from himself, and tions, which, though they may seem but small then to advise and take order for his relief, as matters, yet they do the business, and guide it

your lordship in your wisdom shall think fit. right.

So, commending him to your honourable favour, God ever keep your lordship.

I rest Your lordship's most obliged friend Your lordship’s faithful friend and servant, and faithful servant,


Royston, 27th of October 1619. October 21, 1619.

Your lordship shall do well to be informed of Sir Henry Montagu of the King's Bench, and Sir Henry every particular, because his majesty will have Hobart of the Common Pleas.

Bir John Davies, author of Nosce teipsum, knighted in account of it at his coming. February, 1607-8, and made serjeant at law in 1612. He had been Attorney-General of Ireland.

* Sir Thomas Coventry, afterwards lord keeper of the Lodowick, Duke of Lenox: he was created Duke of Rich- great seal. mond, May 17, 1623, and died February 11, 1623-4.

| Harl. MSS. vol. 7006. Vol. II) -16




cause my first letter was written in the epitasis, MY HONOURABLE LORD,

or trouble of the business; and my second in the I have acquainted his majesty with your letter, beginning of the catastrophe, or calming thereof, who commanded me to give your lordship thanks (wherein, nevertheless, I was fain to bear rp for your speed in advertising those things that pass, strongly into the weather, before the calm foi. and for the great care he seeth you ever have of lowed,) and since every day hath been better and his service.

better, I thought good to signify so much, that I send your lordship back the bill of sheriffs his majesty may be less in suspense. for Sussex, wherein his majesty hath pricked the

The great labour was to get entrance into first, as your lordship wished.

the business; but now the poricullis is drawn His majesty would not have you omit this up. And though, I must say, there were some opportunity of so gross an oversight in the blots in the tables, yet, by well playing, the game judges, to admonish them of their negligence in is good. suffering such a thing to come to his majesty,

Roland is passing well justified; for both his which needed his amending afterwards; and, credit is by very constant and weighty testimony withal, to let them know, that his majesty ob- proved, and those vast quantities, which were serveth that every year they grow more and more thought incredible, or at least improbable, are careless of presenting fit men unto him for that now made manifest truth. place; and that you advise them to be more wary

Yet I find a little of the old leaven towards the hereafter, that they may give his majesty better first defendants, carried in this style and characsatisfaction. And so I rest

ter: “I would this that appears now, bad apYour lordship's faithful friend and servant,

peared at first. But this cometh of haste and G. BUCKINGHAM.

precipitation ;” and the like. But yet, I hope, Royston, November 14, 1619.

the corruption and practice upon the ore tenus, and the rectifying of Rowland's credit, will satisfy my lords upon the former proofs. For I

would be very sorry that these new defendants TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.

(which, except one or two, are the smaller flies) MY VERY GOOD LORD,

should be in the net, and the old defendants, This day afternoon, upon our meeting in which are the greater flies, should get through. council, we have planed those rubs and knots, God preserve you. which were mentioned in my last, whereof I Your lordship's most obliged friend thought good presently to advertise his majesty.

and faithful servant, The days hold without all question, and all delays

FR. VERULAM, Canc. diverted and quieted.

November 26, 1619. Sir Edward Coke was at Friday's hearing, but

Endorsed, in his nightcap; and complained to me he was

Touching the Dutch business. ambulent, and not current. I would be sorry he should fail us in this cause. Therefore, I desire his majesty to signify to him, by your lordship, (taking knowledge of some light indisposition of his,) how much he should think his service

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. disadvantaged in this cause, if he should be at

MY HONOURABLE Lord, any day away; for then he cannot sentence.

I do, from time to time, acquaint his majesty By my next, I will give his majesty some with your letters, wherein he ever perceiveth account of the tobacco and the currants. I

your vigilant care in any thing that concerneth

his service; and hath commanded me to give you Your lordship’s most obliged friend

thanks in his name, who is sure your endeavours and faithful servant,

will never be wanting, when any thing is to be FR. VERULAM, Canc.

done for the advancement of his affairs. November 20, at evening, 1619.

According to your lordship's advice, his majesty hath written to the commissioners of the

treasury, both touching the currants and the tobac. TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. co,f the plantation whereof his majesty is fully

resolved to restrain ; and hath given them order MY VERY GOOD LORD,

I know well his majesty taketh to heart this business of the Dutch,* as he hath great reason, + Lord Bacon, in his letter of November 22, 1619, mentions in respect both of honour and profit. And be that there was offered two thousand pounds increase yearly,

for the tobacco, to begin at Michaeimar, as it now ts, and Merchants, accused in the Star Chamber for exporting three thousand pounds increase, if the plantations here wiibia gold and silver coin.

land be restrained.

ever rest

* Harl. MSS. vol. 2006.

forthwith to set out a proclamation to that effect; retractation of his wicked opinions in writing, not intending in that point to stand upon any The form was as good as may be. I declared to doubt of law, nor to expect the judges' interpre- him, that this court was the judgment-seat; the tation; nor to allow any freehold in that case; mercy-seat was his majesty : but the court would but holding this the safest rule, Salus reipublicæ commend him to his majesty : and I humbly pray suprema lex esto. And so I rest

his majesty to signify his pleasure speedily, be Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, cause of the misery of the man; and it is a rare

G. BUCKINGHAM. thing for a sectary, that hath once suffered smart Newmarket, Nov. 27, 1619.

and shame, to turn so unfeignedly, as he seemed to do.

God ever bless and keep you.

Your most obliged friend and faithful servant, TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.


December 1, 1619. I have presented both the submissions to his majesty. His answer is, he cannot alter that

TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. which was allowed of by the lords of the last Star Chamber day, except first they be acquainted My verY GOOD LORD, with it, and the consent of the Lady Exeter be On Friday I left London, to hide myself at Kew; likewise had, because the decree doth necessarily for two months and a half together to be strongrequire it. So I rest

bent is too much for my bow. And yet, that the Your lordship’s humble servant, king may perceive, that in my times of leisure I

G. BUCKINGHAM. am not idle, I took down with me Sir Giles MomEndorsed,

pesson,* and with him I have quietly conferred Tbuching the submissions of Sir Thomas Lake of that proposition, which was given me in and his lady.

charge by his majesty, and after seconded by your lordship. Wherein I find some things I like very well, and some other, that I would set by. And one thing is much to my liking, that the

proposition for bringing in his majesty's revenue TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.

with small charge is no invention, but was on MY VERY GOOD LORD,

foot heretofore in King Philip's and Queen Mary's I acquainted this day, the bearer with his ma- time, and had a grave and mighty opinion for it. jesty's pleasure, touching Lake'st submission; The rest I leave to his relation, and mine own which, whether it should be done in person or in attendance. writing, his majesty signified his will thus: that I hope his majesty will look to it, that the fines it should be spared in open court, if my Lady of now to come in may do him most good. Both Exeter should consent, and the board think fit. causes produce fines of one hundred and fourscore The board liked it well, and appointed my Lord thousand pounds, whereof one hundred thousand Digby, and Secretary Calvert, to speak with my may clear the anticipations; and then the assignlady, who returned her answer in substance, that ations may pass under the great seal, to be enroll. she would, in this and all things, be commanded able; so as we shall need to think of nothing but by his majesty: but if his majesty left it to her the arrears in a manner, of which I wish the liberty and election, she humbly prayed to be twenty thousand pounds to the strangers (with excused. And though it was told her, that this the interest) be presently satisfied. The remain answer would be cause that it could not be performed this term; yet she seemed willing rather sioners, as bloody and cruel in their proceedings against him, it should be delayed, than dispensed with.

and a papal clergy. He was sentenced to fine and imprison.

ment, not for holding those opinions, (for those were examinThis day also Traske,& in open court, made a able in the Ecclesiastical Court, and not there,) but for

making of conventicles and commotions, and for scandalizing

the king, the bishops, and clergy. Dr. ruller, in is Church + Sir Thomas Lake's.

History of Britain, book x. p. 77, 64, mentions his daving 1 John Traske, a minister, who was prosecuted in the Star heard Mr. Traske preach, and remarks, that his voice had chamber for maintaining, as we find mentioned in the Reports more strength than any thing else he delivered ; and that after of the Lord Chief Justice Hobart, p. 238, that the Jewish bis recantation he relapsed, not into the same, but other opiSabbath ought to be observed and not ours; and that we nions, rather humorous than hurtful, and died obscurely at ought to abstain from all manner of swine's flesh, and those Lambeth, in the reign of King Charles 1. meals which the Jews were forbidden in Leviticus, accord

* Who, in the parliament, which began, January 30, 1620-1, ing to Bishop Andrews, in his speech in the Star Chamber on was sentenced to be degraded, and rendered incapable of that occasion, printed among his lordship’s works. Mr. bearing any office, for practising several abuses, setting up Traske being examined in that court, confessed, that he had

new inns and alehouses, and exacting great sums of money divulged those opinions, and had laboured to bring as many of the people, by pretence of letters patents granted him für o them as he could ; and had also written a letter to the that purpose. But he fled into foreign parts, finding himself king, wherein he seemed to tax his majesty with hypocrisy, abandoned by the Marquis of Buckingham, on whom he had and expressly inveighed against the bishops high commis- | depended for protection.

Harl. M88. vol. 7006.

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