Conflict and Confrontation in South East Asia, 1961–1965: Britain, the United States, Indonesia and the Creation of Malaysia
In the early 1960s, Britain and the United States were still trying to come to terms with the powerful forces of indigenous nationalism unleashed by the Second World War. The Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation - a crisis which was, as Macmillan remarked to Kennedy, 'as dangerous a situation in Southeast Asia as we have seen since the war' - was a complex test of Anglo-American relations. As American commitment to Vietnam accelerated under the Kennedy and Johnson administrations, Britain was involving herself in an 'end-of-empire' exercise in state-building which had important military and political implications for both nations. In this book Matthew Jones provides a detailed insight into the origins, outbreak and development of this important episode in international history; using a large range of previously unavailable archival sources, he illuminates the formation of the Malaysian federation, Indonesia's violent opposition to the state and the Western Powers' attempts to deal with the resulting conflict.
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The Greater Malaysia scheme I the move towards merger
The Greater Malaysia scheme II the Cobbold Commission and the Borneo territories
Britain Indonesia and Malaya from West Irian to the Brunei revolt
The emergence of confrontation JanuaryMay 1963
The path to the Manila summit MayJuly 1963
From the Manila summit to the creation of Malaysia AugustSeptember 1963
Avoiding escalation SeptemberDecember 1963
The diplomacy of confrontation AngloAmerican relations and the Vietnam War JanuaryJune 1964
Escalation upheaval and reappraisal July 1964October 1965
The Western presence in South East Asia by the 1960s
action Administration agreed agreement Ambassador American April Asian August Australian base Borneo territories Britain British officials Brunei Brunei revolt Bundy Cabinet Chinese Cobbold colonial commitment Communist confrontation December defence Department diplomatic dispute Dutch early economic efforts Embassy February federation felt forces Foreign Office Foreign Secretary Forrestal FRUS Greater Malaysia Harriman Hilsman ibid Indonesian internal issue Jakarta January JFKL Johnson Jones July June Kalimantan Kennedy Kennedy's Komer Konfrontasi Kuala Lumpur Laos Lee Kuan Yew London Lumpur to CRO Macmillan Malay Malayan Prime Minister Malaysia scheme Manila Maphilindo meeting memorandum merger military minute negotiations North Borneo November October Ormsby Gore Philippines plebiscite political position PREM President Razak region relations Rusk Sandys Sarawak SEATO Selkirk September 1963 Singapore South East Asia South Vietnam Subandrio Sukarno summit talks threat tion Tunku Abdul Rahman United Washington to FO West Irian Western Zulueta
Page 36 - To those new states whom we welcome to the ranks of the free, we pledge our word that one form of colonial control shall not have passed away merely to be replaced by a far more iron tyranny.
Page 36 - The desire to be independent and free carries with it the desire not to become engaged as a satellite of the Soviet Union or too closely allied to the United States. We have to live with that, and if neutrality is the result of a concentration on internal problems, raising the standard of living of the people, and so on, particularly in the underdeveloped countries, I would accept that. It's part of our own history for over a hundred years.