## Proceedings of the ... International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Volume 18, Part 5American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1999 - Arctic regions |

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Page 50

analysis showed that the maximum average

renewing frequency equal to 3 to 4 times per 3 months ( Fig . 5 ) . Lower

frequency leads to larger brash ice layer thickness that prevents shipping while at

higher ...

analysis showed that the maximum average

**velocity**is achieved at the channelrenewing frequency equal to 3 to 4 times per 3 months ( Fig . 5 ) . Lower

frequency leads to larger brash ice layer thickness that prevents shipping while at

higher ...

Page 348

Zilitinkevich ( 1989 ) calculated the surface shear stress and

neutrally and stably stratified atmospheric time - independent planetary boundary

layer flow . Myrhaug ( 1992a ) used similarity theory to calculate the maximum ...

Zilitinkevich ( 1989 ) calculated the surface shear stress and

**velocity**profiles inneutrally and stably stratified atmospheric time - independent planetary boundary

layer flow . Myrhaug ( 1992a ) used similarity theory to calculate the maximum ...

Page 349

For a given surface roughness length , free stream current

frequency of oscillation and Coriolis parameter , uem can be determined from Eq

. ( 7 ) by iteration . The direction of the surface shear stress for the anticlockwise ...

For a given surface roughness length , free stream current

**velocity**components ,frequency of oscillation and Coriolis parameter , uem can be determined from Eq

. ( 7 ) by iteration . The direction of the surface shear stress for the anticlockwise ...

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### Contents

SHIP NAVIGATION IN | 307 |

Estimation of Extreme Heights of Wind Waves in the Arctic | 327 |

Air and Water Drag on Sea Ice From Similarity Theory | 347 |

Copyright | |

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analysis angle applied Arctic ASME assumed average blade block boundary brittle calculated Canada channel coefficient component compressive conducted considered constant Copyright crack creep crushed dependence depth determined direction distribution effect Engineering equation estimate experiments factor failure field Figure floes flow force frequency friction function given height ice force ice loads ice sheet ice thickness iceberg icebreaker included increase indentation indentor interaction International layer length material maximum mean measured Mechanics method Newfoundland observed obtained occurred Offshore operations parameters peak performance predicted present pressure propeller range ratio region Report Research resistance salinity scale scour shape shear ship shown shows similar soil speed stamukha strain strength stress structure surface Table temperature tests thrust torque values vertical wave width wind zone