Alexis de Tocqueville born of aristocratic parents shortly after the French Revolution, was to become the first great European Liberal. At an early age, he distanced himself from the prejudices of his class and entered the Restoration government after the fall of Napoleon. His growing alarm at the dangers of the new tyranny - centralization - led him to travel to America to observe a federal society to evolution, and the result was his most famous work, Democracy in America.
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The Great Debate of the 1820s
Democracy in America 1835
Democracy in America 1840
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Alexis de Tocqueville ancien regime Anthony Kenny argued argument aristocratic and democratic aristocratic society association attitudes authority autonomy Beaumont became become bourgeoisie central power century Christian beliefs Christian morality Church citizens civil equality class conflict conception created Debate decentralized Democracy in America democratic social democratic social conditions despotism direction of social doctrine eighteenth-century England English Europe European feudal France free institutions free mceurs Gobineau Guizot habits helped human ideas identify important individual influence intellectual interest less Louis Napoleon Madame de Stael Madame Swetchine majority Malesherbes ment middle classes mind moral beliefs nation nature noblesse OC lb OC XVb opinion Oxford Paperbacks Paris Past Masters philosophical political system principle religion representative government Restoration liberals Revolution role Royer-Collard Second Empire self-government social change social equality social structure theory thought tion Tocque Tocqueville's type of society tyranny ultra-royalists ultras understand virtue writings wrote
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