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PREFACE.

In the preface of his History of England, Macaulay observed: "I shall cheerfully bear the reproach of having descended below the dignity of history, if I can succeed in placing before the English of the nineteenth century a true picture of the life of their ancestors.” My own aim and method in the writing of this book could not be described more fitly.

I have tried to tell, accurately but in readable fashion, the Story of the builders of our Town: their homes and home life, their employments, their Sabbath keeping, their love of learning, their administration of Town affairs, their stern delusions, and their heroism, in War and in resistance to Tyranny. The seventeenth century was a brilliant and thrilling period in Ipswich history, and it seemed best to me to consider it somewhat at length, and to close my historical study with the end of that century rather than to attempt a briefer summary of the complete history of the Town. If this work finds favor, I shall begin at once to gather material for another volume, in which the historical and topographical studies will be carried on to completion.

No attempt has been made to construct a genealogical appendix. The magnitude of the undertaking, properly carried out, seemed too great, and the forthcoming publication of the Vital Statistics of the Town, by the Essex Institute, renders it unnecessary. In Part Two, however, a topographical study has been made, from the beginning to the present generation. Nearly two thousand citations from the County Records have been carefully verified, and the likelihood of error has been reduced to the lowest possible degree.

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I wish to acknowledge my great indebtedness to the late Daniel Fuller Appleton Esq. for the original incentive to this work, and for his constant and substantial encouragement. I am indebted as well to Mr. Francis R. Appleton, Mr. John B. Brown, Mr. Charles A. Campbell, Mr. Moritz B. Philipp, Mr. Charles H. Tweed, and Capt. Augustus P. Gardner for valuable assistance. Mr. Robert Dudley Winthrop of New York generously contributed a new photograph from the original portrait of John Winthrop Jr., now in his possession, and the Essex Institute of Salem kindly allowed the use of ancient maps. Mr. John W. Nourse has contributed greatly to the interest and value of the topographical studies by his skilful diagrams.

Ipswich, June, 1905.

T. F. W.

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PORTRAIT OF JOHN WINTHROP Jr.,

frontispiece, MAP OF NEW ENGLAND FROM HUBBARD'S HISTORY OF

THE INDIAN WARS IN NEW ENGLAND,
THE ORIGINAL DEED OF MUSCONOMINET,
FACSIMILE OF PETITION OF REMONSTRANCE AGAINST THE

DEPARTURE OF John WINTHROP JR.,
MONUMENT WITH TABLETS NEAR THE MEETING HOUSE OF

THE SOUTH (CHURCH,
HOME OF MAJOR SAMUEL APPLETON,
HOME OF REV. JOHN WISE, Essex, BUILT IN 1703,
GRAVE OF REV. John Wise, Essex,
Diagram No. 1,
WHIPPLE HOUSE, THE HOME OF THE IPSWICH HISTORICAL

SOCIETY, REAR VIEW,
WHIPPLE HOUSE, END VIEW,
DIAGRAM No. 2,
Map of 1717 (A),
COL. JOHN APPLETON HOUSE,
MAP OF 1717 (B),
THE CALEB LORD HOUSE,
The John CALDWELL HOUSE,
FACSIMILE OF PETITION OF CITIZENS AGAINST CORPORAL

JOHN ANDREWS,
Rev. NATHANIEL ROGERS HOUSE,
DIAGRAM No. 3,
CAPT. MATTHEW PERKINS HOUSE,
THE HOVEY HOUSE,
THE MEETING HOUSE GREEN,
THE STONE BRIDGE, 1764,
Diagram No. 4,
COL. SAMUEL APPLETON HOUSE,
The Ross TAVERN,
ANDREW BURLEY HOUSE,
DR. JOSEPH MANNING HOUSE,
DR. PHILEMON DEAN HOUSE, I'SED AS A LACE FACTORY,

1824-1827, DEA. THOMAS NORTON HOUSE, “DUTCH'S HOUSE,' COL. NATHANIEL WADE HOUSE, DIAGRAM No. 5, THE HOWARD HOUSE, PLAN OF IPSWICH VILLAGE,

360 385 386 389 389 422 443 445 446 416 458 458

460 468 473 473 477 481 489

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