## Automatic Bird Song Recognition |

### From inside the book

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Page 14

interval of a pure sine wave; hence given the length of the interval and the

sampling rate, the frequency of the wave can be calculated from the above

technique for more ...

interval of a pure sine wave; hence given the length of the interval and the

sampling rate, the frequency of the wave can be calculated from the above

**formula**. Whereas it is difficult to analyze precisely the performance of thistechnique for more ...

Page 21

One

to the the similarity of their relative positions in the song. The second

rather set of formulae) computes a total cost of conversion from one song to ...

One

**formula**uses all inter-note distances and weights their importance accordingto the the similarity of their relative positions in the song. The second

**formula**(orrather set of formulae) computes a total cost of conversion from one song to ...

Page 41

The samples were spaced so that the unused gaps in each chirp were of equal

length. A variant of the Itakura distance metric of Section 8.1.3 was used here.

The

) ...

The samples were spaced so that the unused gaps in each chirp were of equal

length. A variant of the Itakura distance metric of Section 8.1.3 was used here.

The

**formula**given there is normally used "for computational reasons" ([RS] p. 499) ...

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60 Figure acoustic algorithm analysis average amplitude avian bird song bird species California Quail calls CDFE cepstral cepstral peak Cepstrum chirp feature vectors chirp list Clark's Nutcracker comparison Computer congruent corresponding described in Section detected difference dynamic time warping entire song excursion cycle Figure 11b formula Frequency Frequency Duration glottal Greenewalt harmonics Hence High Low High House Finch human speech recognition I I I individual inter-note distances internal tympaniform membranes Itakura distance length Linear Prediction Low High Low magnitude Markov models noise Olive-sided Flycatcher phase phonemes present point range recognition system recordings represented ripples sample points sampling rate Scrub Jay segment of speech sequence of labels signal similar sine wave sonagrams song feature Song Sparrow sound spectrum squawk Steller's Jay subsource Swainson's Thrush syntactic Theorem thesis trachea Typical upward zero crossing vibration vocal tract Warbling Vireo waveform Western Meadowlark whistled White-crowned Sparrow