## Fundamentals of statistical and thermal physics |

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Page 59

The final equilibrium sit

throughout the entire box lined quite rapidly. ua- :, is Note that the preceding

comments say nothing about how long one has to wait before the ultimate

equilibrium situation ...

The final equilibrium sit

**tion**, where the density of molecules is uniformthroughout the entire box lined quite rapidly. ua- :, is Note that the preceding

comments say nothing about how long one has to wait before the ultimate

equilibrium situation ...

Page 316

maximum, i.e., that S = S(EltVltNi; E2,Vt,Nt) = maximum (8-8-2) But 5 = S1(E1,

VhN1) + SiiE^NJ where <S, is the entropy of phase i. Thus the maximum

condition (8 8 2) ...

**tion**corresponding to the most probable situation is that the entropy is amaximum, i.e., that S = S(EltVltNi; E2,Vt,Nt) = maximum (8-8-2) But 5 = S1(E1,

VhN1) + SiiE^NJ where <S, is the entropy of phase i. Thus the maximum

condition (8 8 2) ...

Page 391

Its density is 9 grams/cm3 and its atomic weight is There are then 9/(63.5) = 0.14

moles of Cu per cm' or, with one con-

electrons/cm5. Taking the on mass to « 10-27 grams, one obtains, by (9- 16 - 10),

...

Its density is 9 grams/cm3 and its atomic weight is There are then 9/(63.5) = 0.14

moles of Cu per cm' or, with one con-

**tion**electron per atom, Na/V = 8.4 X 10"electrons/cm5. Taking the on mass to « 10-27 grams, one obtains, by (9- 16 - 10),

...

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Reif: fundamental of statistical thermal physics

### Contents

Introduction to statistical methods | 1 |

GENERAL DISCUSSION OF THE RANDOM WALK | 24 |

Statistical description of systems of particles | 47 |

Copyright | |

24 other sections not shown

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### Common terms and phrases

absolute temperature approximation assume atoms becomes Boltzmann equation calculate canonical distribution chemical potential classical coefficient collision condition Consider constant container corresponding curve denote density depends derivatives discussion electrons ensemble entropy equal equation equilibrium situation equipartition theorem evaluated example expression external parameters fluctuations frequency gases given heat capacity heat reservoir Hence ideal gas independent infinitesimal integral integrand interaction internal energy isolated system kinetic liquid macroscopic macrostate magnetic field mass maximum mean energy mean number mean pressure mean value measured metal molar mole molecular momentum number of molecules number of particles obtains partition function perature phase space photons physical piston position probability problem quantity quantum quantum mechanics quasi-static radiation range relation result simply solid specific heat spin statistical mechanics Suppose theorem thermal contact thermally insulated Thermodynamics tion total energy total number unit volume variables velocity yields