Electroresponsive Polymers and Their Applications:
Cambridge University Press, Mar 24, 2006 - Science - 259 pages
Increasing research and development efforts have been dedicated to the field of electroresponsive polymers (ERPs), including the development of materials and devices. In addition to their exceptional physical properties and low manufacturing costs, these materials also show remarkable charge storage and electrical properties. One particular class of these materials is the electroactive polymer (EAP), or artificial muscle - a new type of smart material with a broad range of potential applications such as electromechanical devices, energy storage devices, artificial muscles, air filtration, insulation, etc. This book shows research and commercial advances in the field and highlights the significant industry involvement: 3M is implementing piezomaterials in stethoscopes; Measurement Specialties Inc. highlights a range products employing PVDF sensors and EMFIT Ltd. presents ferroelectrets, in which microporous polymers show a piezoelectric coefficient at the level of ~300 pC/N. Additional topics include: sensors and their applications; polymer actuators and their applications; and polymer dielectrics and charge storage applications.
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LesserKnown Piezoelectric and Pyroelectric Applications
Electronic Acoustic Sensor
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2006 Materials Research actuators anode Appl applications applied voltage Avrami azopolymers behavior BZ reaction Chem Cheng circuits composite conducting polymer copolymer crystalline crystallization decrease devices diaphragm dielectric constant dipole dynamics effect elastic modulus electrets electric field electroactive polymers electrode electromechanical electrospinning electrostrictive Emfit EMI-Tf energy density energy harvesting experimental ferroelectric ferroelectric polymers fibers frequency gate dielectric IEEE increase injection interface ionic liquid IPMCs irradiated samples ISBN layer LDPE LEB-PANI Materials Research Society measured mechanical membranes method micro-dots modulus Nafion observed OFETs organic semiconductors OTFTs P(VDF-CTFE P(VDF-TrFE parameters Peak phase Phys polarization polyaniline polymeric polypyrrole Proc properties PVDF pyroelectric response sensitivity sensor shown in Figure shows simulation solution solvent space charge strain stress structure substrate surface Symp terpolymer thermal thickness thin film transducers uptake Volume Zhang