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Sentiments, south by the Selfish Propensities, east and
organs on the top of the head, and are bounded south by the SemiIntellectual Sentiments, east by the Intellectual Faculties, and west by the Selfish Sentiments.
SEMI-INTELLECTUAL SENTIMENTS are bounded north by the Moral Sentiments, east by the Intellectual Faculties, south and west by the Selfish Propensities and Selfish Sentiments.
PERCEPTIVE, OBSERVING FACULTIES are bounded north by the Reasoning Faculties, south by the face, east and west by the Selfish Propensities and Semi-Intellectual Sentiments.
REASONING INTELLECT is bounded north by the Moral Sentiments, south by Perceptive Intellect, cast and west by the Semi-Intellectual Sentiments.
Bound the Moral Sentiments. The Semi-Intellectual Sentiments. The Perceptive Faculties. The Reasoning Intellect.
HARMONY OF THE ORGANS.
1. As I have frequently remarked, one organ scarcely ever acts, or is exercised, alone. On this account, it is much more difficult to analyze character, and find out the real motive of action. We will suppose an instance, and will imagine the organs capable of speech; or we will personify them—that is, invest them with life.
2. Said Alimentiveness one day, I am hungry, I must get something to eat. What is that, cried out Acquisitiveness, if you intend to get something you will require my assistance, for getting is my business. But what do you wish? I would like some squirrels and deer, let us go to the woods and kill them. Stop one moment, spoke Destructiveness, in a grum voice ; it will be useless to go anywhere without me, if there is any killing to be done, for I am the one to do that.
3. As Destructiveness roused himself from his couch, he disturbed his next neighbor, Combativeness. Ha !
1. How do all the organs act? What will we imagine the organs to be? 2. What was the conversation of Alimentiveness and Acquisitiveness? Who spoke next? 3. Whom did he disturb, and what was the effect?
said the latter, you intend to go into the woods to shoot deer; let me accompany you, to inspire you with true courage; for, if you should leave me at home, you would very soon be frightened by the very game you wish to catch. Well, said Secretiveness, looking out of the corner of his eye, if you think of catching anything, you must take me with you; because both squirrels and deer are very shy and cunning, and, in order to succeed, you must be cunning also; for, if they see you too soon, they will run away before you have time to shoot them.
4. Then if you intend to shoot something, said Cautiousness, you will find my presence necessary to assist you, for without my aid you might do as Mr. F. did a few days since; by not securing my advice and services, he put his bullet in first, and while he was trying to fire his gun, his game ran away; or you might do as Mr. G., who put in so much powder that the barrel of his gun burst, and killed him instead of the game; therefore, if
you wish to be sure and safe, you must add me to your company. Firmness, who was more bold and decided than either or all of them, spoke, and said, you may
all go together, but if you leave me at home, you will accomplish nothing; you will be discouraged before you get half the way, and will give up the chase and return. But if I go as your pilot, I will insure you
5. You can now see, children, that all these faculties must act in concert, beside many others that I could mention, to gratify only one thing, or organ, as Ali
3. What did Secretiveness say? 4. What did Cautiousness say? What remarks did Firmness make? What was his character? 5. What is said of all these faculties ?
THE STATE OF THE BODY AFFECTS THE MIND. 197
mentiveness. And it is so of every important thing to be done. These faculties are more or less active, and consequently exert more or less influence on the character. But, although these different organs are very important and necessary, yet they are not sufficient alone. They depend much on the healthy state of the body, or the TEMPERAMENTS.
CHAPTER X I.
1. As there are different qualities of brain, and differently shaped heads, so there is a great diversity in the bodies of different individuals ; and, as I have previously told you, the state of the body affects the vigor and activity of the mind.
2. We see, then, that the activity of the mind depends, in a great degree, on the development of a good body. There are three conditions of the body which are called TEMPERAMENTS. These depend on the constitution of different parts of the body. The first is called the
1. The Vital or Sanguine Temperament is predominant, when those organs which supply life or vita.ity are very large and active; as the heart, lungs, stomach,
5. Are the organs only necessary? On what do they depend? 1. In what are there great differences ? How does the body affect the mind ? 2. How many temperaments are there? On what do they depend?
etc. It gives a fulness and roundness to the body; the cheeks are usually full, plump, and fleshy; the shoulders
are broad, the chest is full, the pulse strong, the base of the brain and face large. Persons with this temperament have blue eyes, fair complexion, light hair, and a fresh and ruddy countenance.
2. They enjoy life, are very fond of the open air, are generally healthy, and have a strong and hardy constitution. They are not fond of hard work, or great mental labor; but like action and exercise, and are
1. When is the Vital Temperament predominant? What is the appear. ance, size, etc., of the individual ?