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HEALTH AND LONG LIFE.

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generally good-natured, kind affectionate, and sympathizing, and, with proper care, live to a good old age. When the Vital Temperament becomes diseased, it is called the Lymphatic; then, the person is sluggish, indolent, inactive, and the brain is feeble in action, the skin is soft, and muscles weak.

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1. Those persons in whom the Motive or Muscular Temperaments predominate, have black hair, dark skin

2. Wbat constitutes their enjoyments, and what is their disposition ? What is said of the diseased Vital Temperaments ?

hard bones, strong muscles, large joints, and a moderate degree of fulness and plumpness to the body. All that belong to the framework of the body, of which I have previously spoken, are fully developed. They have a squareness of body, and high cheek-bones.

2. This temperament, or condition of the body, gives hardiness and endurance, a love of exercise and hard work. They have real energy of character, and generally accomplish what they undertake. Those who have soft bones and muscles may love to do some kinds of work, but they cannot endure much fatigue or excessive labor.

MENTAL TEMPERAMENT.

1. The Motive and Vital Temperaments depend much on the body, and their strength depends on the strength of the body ; but the Nervous or Mental Temperament depends on the exercise of the brain and nerves. If these predominate, we say a person has the Mental or Nervous Temperament. The signs of this organization are light, fine hair, a thin, clear, and delicate skin, a small frame, a small chest, sparkling eyes, and quickness of motion. The brain and nervous system are very active, and lead the person to think, read, study, and acquire knowledge.

2. When all the Temperaments are happily blended, they give the possessor a great degree of physical and

1. What are the peculiarities of the Motive Temperament? 2. What does it give? Is the same true of those who have soft bones and muscles ? 1. How does the Mental Temperament differ from the others ? What are its signs or peculiarities ? 2. What are the advantages of a balance of the Temperaments ?

GREAT ACTIVITY AND PHYSICAL STRENGTH.

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mental power, great activity, great power of thought and feeling, and dispose a person to engage in intellectual pursuits, or in some active business, which

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requires mental and physical strength. If one of these be wanting; there will be a want of balance to the mind, as for example,

3. Suppose a person has a very large and active Mental Temperament, with small Vital or Motive; he might be very intellectual, and fond of literary pursuits, but would not have strength of body to carry out his plans. This is the reason why those persons who are very smart, bright, and precocious, and mature early,

3. Illustrate the want of balance ?

What often follows from this ?

die young; because all their vitality is expended through their brain and nervous system.

4. If a person have large Vital and Motive Temperaments, with very small Mental, he will have a great many animal wants and desires; his thoughts will be confined mostly to his body, and he will care very little for the cultivation of his mind. He will not spend his time in hard study and thought, but will be most anxious to know “what he shall eat, and wherewithal he shall be clothed.”

5. Children, I wish you to observe every one whom you see, and try whether you can tell what their Temperaments are. You can understand me when I tell you that there is a diffierence between a large, fleshy man, and one who is tall, slim, and pale, as well as you can understand that there is a difference between a large and small apple, or between a pear, peach, and orange. This difference in individuals, is the difference in their Temperament. I do not suppose or think that you will always decide correctly; for older persons, who have had much experience, fail frequently. It will teach you, however, to observe and learn.

6. But the Temperaments alone, are not sufficient for the full development of the organs. They might be well-balanced; yet, if we had no EXTERNAL SENSES, they would be useless, as much as a piece of money is useless when it lies in a heap of rubbish, or a beautifu. diamond, when imbedded in the rock. I will next explain to you, briefly, what I mean by the external senses.

4. What will result from the union of large Vital and Motive, with small Mental ? 5. What should children do? What can they under stand? What is this difference? Why will children fail in this? What good will it do? 6. What is necessary beside the Temperaments ? Why?

CHAPTER XII.

THE EXTERNAL SENSES.

There are five Senses ; viz., seeing, hearing, tasting, smelling, and feeling.

SIGHT.

The eye is the organ of sight, and is a perfect and beautiful apparatus. I have not time to tell you all about its construction, or of the many coats by which it is surrounded. That it is very delicate, and of the greatest importance, is evident from the manner in which it is protected. We see that it is situated in a socket of hard bone, and has a lid that shuts down over it when we sleep, to prevent the particles of dust from getting into it.

The eyelashes serve the same purpose when we are awake.

2. A great number of nerves lead to the eye; but only one assists in giving light, which is called the optic nerve.

animals are so situated that they can turn them in only one direction: but there are numerous muscles in the human eye-one to turn it upward, another draws it downward, another enables us to turn the eye around, or to the side.

Hence we perceive what advantages we have over many animals.

3. The tears are secreted by the lachrymal gland,

The eyes

of some

What is the subject of chapter twelfth? What are the different senses ? 1. What is the eye? What is said of it? From what is its importance evident? Explain the wise provision. 2. What nerve assists sight? How do the eyes of animals differ from those of human beings ?

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