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physical properties, and uses of modern engineering_materials. It is also an excellent textbook."-From a review in Engineering Record, New York, June 26, 1915, p. 813.

Also reviewed in Mining and Scientific Press, San Francisco, July 17, 1915, p. 110; in Engineering News, New York, July 15, 1915, p. 120; in Iron Trade Review, Cleveland, July 22, 1915, p. 183.

Scott, W. A. Handrailing for geometrical staircases. London: Whittaker & Co., 1915. 58 p. illus. 12°.

A practical little book describing simple methods, although "it is assumed that the reader is already acquainted with the setting out and construction of ordinary newel stairs."

Taylor, F. Noel. Masonry as applied to civil engineering; being a practical treatise on the design and construction of engineering works in stone and heavy concrete, adapted for the use of students and those engaged in the practice of the profession. London: Constable & Co., Ltd., 1915. 230 P. illus. 8°.

"Without having much recourse to mathematics, Mr. Taylor has written a work on the design and construction of engineering works in stone and heavy concrete which should appeal both to students and the profession at large. Starting with a discussion of the properties of the stones commonly used in constructional work and their dressing and treatment generally, he proceeds to deal with the design of retaining walls, dock, canal and other walls, and masonry dams, bridges, towers and pillars, and concludes with a chapter on concrete block and monolithic construction and with one devoted to a discussion of shoring and underpinning. The treatment, if not exhaustive, strikes us as being clear and practical." -From a review in The Engineer, London, April 16, 1915.

Also reviewed in Mechanical World, London, March 12, 1915, p. 125; in Nature, London, April 29, 1915, p. 230; in Canadian Engineer, Toronto, April 29, 1915, p. 513.

Chemical Technology

Beacall, Thomas, and others. Dyestuffs & coal-tar products; their chemistry, manufacture and application, including chapters on modern inks, photographic chemicals, synthetic drugs, sweetening chemicals, and other products derived from coal tar. London: C. Lockwood and Son, 1915. 156 p. illus. 4°. (Manuals of chemical technology. [v.]1.)

A series of timely monographs reprinted, with additions, from Martin's Industrial and Manufacturing Chemistry, New York, 1913.

"Prior to the commencement of the war there had been little, if any, association between the chemistry of dyestuffs and ordinary gasworks operations, and the interests of gas engineers and chemists in this connection had not been aroused. The war has, however, altered this state of things, and all producers of coal tar are now following out the working up of their product, and are keenly alive to the possibilities of development in connection with the establishment of a national dyestuff industry in this country. The literature on the subject has hitherto been of a highly specialized character, and, moreover, principally in the German language.. The book forms a valuable addition to our literature on chemical industries, and especially so on account of the authoritative details given of the various processes." -From a review in the Gas World, London, April 10, 1915, p. 410–411.

Also reviewed in Textile Recorder, Manchester, July 15, 1915, p. 81.

Holde, David. The examination of hydrocarbon oils and of saponifiable fats and waxes; authorized translation from the fourth German edition by Edward Mueller. New York: J. Wiley & Sons, 1915. 483 p.

illus. 8°.

"Since the appearance of the third edition in Nov., 1909, important work concerning gas oils, oils for Diesel motors, the theory of lubrication, etc., has been published and this, together with newer specifications for gas oils, Diesel motor oils, etc., resulting from the work of Spiegel, Hempel and Rieppel, had to be considered in connection with many other specifications. Furthermore, all the newer recognized contributions of theoretical interest or analytical value have been carefully gone over. There have been added new sections on the determination of fuel value, on the physiological properties of petroleum products, on the nomenclature of bitumens, etc. Numerous tables of physical constants have been introduced to avoid as much as possible the necessity of reference to other books. The chapters on coal tar, asphalt and its substitutes, ozokerite and several chapters on the fat industry, notably on hardening of oils, glycerine, varnish, etc., have been enlarged."-Preface.

"Holde has brought together a great deal of valuable data, which should be an excellent reference on the subject. Many of the methods given are in general use in this country, although the book cannot be taken as a text on industrial practice here."-From a review of the 4th German ed. in the Journal of Industrial & Engineering Chemistry, Easton, Pa., July 1914, Þ. 613.

Ingle, Harry. A manual of oils, resins, and paints for students and practical men. In three volumes, each volume complete in itself... With diagrams by the author and J. A. L. Sutcliffe... v. 1. London: C. Griffin and Co., Ltd., 1915. diagr., tables. 12°. Griffin's technological hand-books.)

v. 1. Analysis and valuation.

Based upon lectures delivered in Leeds University and intended for students and those analysts and works chemists who have had little or no experience with the various oils in practice, but who are familiar with general chemistry.

Reviewed in Chemical Trade Journal, London, April 17, 1915, p. 354.

Tinkler, Charles Kenneth, and F. CHALLEnger. The chemistry of petroleum and its substitutes; a practical handbook. With an introduction by Sir Boverton Redwood. London: C. Lockwood and Son, 1915. 352 p. illus. 8°.

"We feel sure, after carefully perusing the work, that it should rather be termed indispensable to the technologist, since, apart from its general high level of excellence and the fact that much of its contents is not available elsewhere in collected form, it also touches upon the kindred topics of the distillation of shale, coal, and wood, the production of alcohol, and the catalytic hydrogenisation of hydrocarbons."-From a review in Chemical Trade Journal, London, Feb. 27, 1915,

p. 192.

Also reviewed in Mining Magazine, London, June 1915, p. 361; in Nature, London, June 24, 1915, p. 447.

Underwood, Norman, and T. V. SULLIVAN. The chemistry and technology of printing inks. New York: D. Van Nostrand Co., 1915. 139 p. illus. 8°.

Authors are respectively chief and assistant chief of the ink-making division of the United States Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

Reviewed in Inland Printer, Chicago, July, 1915, p. 556.

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Civil Engineering

*Allen, Cecil J. Modern British permanent way. Treating of rails, chairs, fishbolts, fishplates, keys, sleepers, ballast, railjoints, points and crossings, &c. London: Railway News, 1915. 147 P. illus. 4°.

Compilation and revision of well illustrated articles in the Railway News published during the years 1911-14. Especially designed for those who are concerned with draughting room work.

"Railway track in this country is so different from that in England that this book presents little of practical value to the American engineer. It is a good exposition of British practice, but deals entirely with material and has nothing to say regarding organization, construction or maintenance methods."—From a review in Engineering News, New York, June 17, 1915, p. 1174.

Breed, Charles Blaney, and G. L. HOSMER. The principles and practice of surveying. New York: J. Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1915. illus. 12°.

2 v.

v. 1. Elementary surveying. 4. ed.
v. 2. Higher surveying. 2. ed.

New features are a full treatment of modern stadia work, the extension of the stadia tables, new material on steel tapes, a recent method of measuring slope distances with a table of versed sines to aid in the computations. The chapter on mine surveying has been entirely rewritten and attention has been given to the use of the Invar tape in recent methods of baseline measurement. Although the volumes are now bound in limp leather, pocket-size, there has been no change in type size.

Fish, John Charles Lounsbury.

first principles.

217 P.

8°.

Engineering economics; New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., 1915.

Covers such subjects as economic selection, interest, sinking funds, first cost, salvage value, yearly cost of service, and estimating.

"From this enumeration it will be seen that the work is the only one of its kind thus far produced for classroom use. It might well serve as a companion volume to Prof. Humphreys' 'Lecture Notes on Business Engineering,' for each book supplements the other. Prof. Humphreys gives particular attention to corporation accounting, financing, etc., whereas Prof. Fish goes into the analysis of costs and their use in selecting the most economic device. The book is well conceived and admirably executed. It should find extensive use as a text-book, particularly now that engineering economics is more generally recognized as being worthy of study as an independent, though co-ordinate branch of engineering."-Engineering and Contracting, April 28, 1915.

Also reviewed in Power, New York, May 11, 1915, p. 660; in Electrical World, New York, July 3, 1915, p. 23; in Canadian Engineer, Toronto, May 27, 1915, p. 611; in Engineering Record, New York, May 15, 1915, p. 625; in Engineering News, New York, Aug. 19, 1915, p. 357.

Hoyt, John Clayton, and N. C. GROVER. prepared for the use of engineers and students.

River discharge;

New York:

J. Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1914.

3. ed., rev. and enl. 8°.

182 p.

diagr., maps, pl.

Third and enlarged edition of this standard work on stream measurement. Authors are engineers for the United States Geological Survey.

"Being practically the only work available dealing with its subject this volume will find a ready reception, and when future editions enable the authors to fill in the omissions and fill in the weak spots, it should be one of the most valuable works on practical hydraulics printed in the English language.”—From a review of the first edition, in Engineering News, 1907.

illus.

Kunz, Frederic Charles. Design of steel bridges; theory and practice for the use of civil engineers and students. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., 1915. 472 p. diagr., tables.

8°.

Emphasizes the practical side of the subject and is designed to meet the needs of engineers and advanced students who desire numerical examples and results of best modern practice in simple steel bridges and to serve as a guide in the calculation of stresses, sections, weights, etc. The fifty-two plates show a wealth of detail. Author is chief engineer of the bridge and construction department of the Pennsylvania Steel Co.

"The author has used freely in this book a great wealth of information that has been at his command. The information has been so arranged as to be easily accessible, and the book will appeal particularly to the practical engineer and the advanced student as a valuable reference work."-From a review in Journal of the Western Society of Engineers, Chicago, April 1915, p. 393.

Also reviewed in Engineering Record, New York, April 24, 1915, p. 531; in Engineering & Contracting, Chicago, April 28, 1915, p. 387; in Mining & Scientific Press, San Francisco, July 17, 1915, p. 110; in Canadian Engineer, Toronto, July 29, 1915, p. 213.

Lauchli, Eugene. Tunneling; short and long tunnels of small and large section driven through hard and soft materials. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., 1915. 238 p. plans. illus. 8°.

"This book is particularly interesting to American readers because of its discussion of certain problems of tunneling which have been most studied in Europe. The importance of geological surveys in connection with tunnel driving, the determination of rock temperatures in deeply overlaid tunnels, and the pressure acting on tunnels driven through soft and cohesionless materials are subjects which have been carefully studied abroad, and each is given a special chapter by Mr. Lauchli. The chapters on long and deeply overlaid tunnels, tunnel timbering, lining deep tunnels, vitiation of air and ventilation during construction of long and deep tunnels are also records of European practice in large measure. The author in his subtitle includes short and long tunnels and his text substantially meets his title, but it is because the book is the most extensive treatise in English on long and deep tunnels that it holds interest. The author has had another advantage in his writing of being a practical tunnel builder with foreign and American experience. The era of long tunnels is, we believe, yet to come, but it is surely coming in America, and a concise record in book form of long and deep tunneling in Europe which is prominent in its experience with such work is an excellent service to the future American tunnel engineer." - From a review in Engineering and Contracting, April 28, 1915.

Also reviewed in Railway Age Gazette, New York, June 18, 1915, p. 1429; in Engineering Record, New York, May 15, 1915, p. 626; in Canadian Engineer, Toronto, June 24, 1915, p. 708.

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*Moritz, Ernest Anthony. Working data for irrigation engineers. New York: J. Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1915. 395 P. p. illus.

8°.

Tables, diagrams, and specifications with a general consideration of the development of an irrigation project. Author is an engineer in the United States Reclamation Service.

"To practicing engineers who have to do much calculation in hydraulics the book should prove very useful, especially to those who are not expert in the use of the slide rule and to those who insist on the use of the Kutter's formula."-From a review in Engineering News, New York, June 17, 1915, p. 1171.

*Perkins, Lee. The railroad taper; the theory and application of a compound transition curve based upon thirty-foot chords. New York: J. Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1915. 356 p. 12°.

"As a self-contained pocketbook on the transition curve for steam railways this work deserves high rank, principally because of the unusual completeness of its tables, the simplicity of its underlying theory, and its practical applicability. The book will save much time in the field wherever this particular transition curve is in vogue." — From a review in Engineering Record, New York, June 26, 1915, p. 812. Also reviewed in Railway Age Gazette, June 18, 1915, p 1429; in Canadian Engineer, Toronto, June 24, 1915, p. 707; in Mining & Scientific Press, San Francisco, July 17, 1915, p. 110.

*Raymond, William Galt. Railroad field manual for civil engineers. New York: J. Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1915. 386 p.

12°.

Data and tables concerning railroad curves by the professor of civil engineering in the State University of Iowa.

"The author has in his preface largely confined his remarks to his suggested general adoption of the decimal division of degrees and of five-place tables. While the actual use of either is not new, yet a practical effort to make their use universal as good, or the best practice, is new, and the author is to be commended for his courage in coming to the front in a way tending to a practical realization of his hope for a general adoption of such features."-From a review by M. P. Paret, in the Engineering News. New York, July 15, 1915, p. 116.

Also reviewed in Mining & Scientific Press, San Francisco, May 29, 1915, p. 857; in Railway Age Gazette, New York, May 21, 1915, p. 1064; in Canadian Engineer, May 27, 1915, p. 609.

Swain, George Fillmore. Conservation of water by storage. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1915. 384 p. illus.

4°.

(Chester S. Lyman lecture series.)

A concise, attractive and well illustrated discussion from both the economic and engineering standpoints, with chapters on water power at government and private dams, forest and stream flow, floods and their prevention, and the government acts regarding water power. Has an excellent bibliography. For the general reader and the specialist.

"Professor Swain acted as chairman of the Water Power Committee of the Fourth Conservation Congress, a position to which he was chosen as an authority on this question of absorbing moment. His thorough investigations and the careful consideration whic has devoted to this subject have led him to conclusions which cannot fail to have weight even among those who hold opposite opinions... The remarkable illustrations, of which there are over ninety, form a very important feature of the book."-From a review in Water & Gas Review, New York, May, 1915, p. 19–20.

Also reviewed in National Electric Light Association Bulletin, May, 1915, p.

335.

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