The Army and Creation of the Pahlavi State in Iran, 1921-1926

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I.B.Tauris, Mar 15, 1997 - History - 296 pages
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In 1921 Riza Khan, a colonel in the Iranian Cossack Brigade, rode on Tehran and, in a military coup that was to change Iran's destiny, took power. Appropriating the state-building objectives of Iranian constitutionalism and nationalism, Riza Khan embarked on the task of constructing a strong, modern centralized state at the heart of which lay a new national army. Ruthless and cunning, he used the emergent military and political institutions to crush both civilian and military opposition, and in 1926 crowned himself Shah of Iran.

But in the construction of his army Riza Khan relied upon the material bequeathed to him by the reform efforts of the late-19th century and, more particularly, by the constitutional revolution. This text discusses in detail the way in which the modern Iranian army was created, and places the rise of Riza Shah in its historical context. It also outlines the military roots of monarchical dictatorship in Iran.
 

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Contents

The Government Gendarmerie 19101921
17
The Cossacks 19061921
54
The Construction of the New Army 19211926
108
Discontent and Disaffection 19211926
144
CivilMilitary Relations 19211926
182
Conclusion
222
Appendix A Biographical Notes
235
Appendix B Ranks and Rates of Pay
253
Notes
259
Bibliography
281
Index
288
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