Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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TABLE 5.1 COMMON SOFTWOODS AND HARDWOODS Softwoods Hardwoods
Douglas Fir White Fir Western Hemlock Western Larch Ponderosa Pine Western
White Pine Redwood Sitka Spruce Balsam Fir Eastern Hemlock Eastern White ...
Some hardwoods, suitable for construction, are graded using the rules for
softwood. Softwood lumber grading is based on general guidelines set in the
American Softwood Lumber Standards issued in 1970 (PS20-70). But a number
Plywood is divided into two types, based on the type of wood used: • Softwood
plywood • Hardwood plywood Softwood plywood is manufactured using softwood
logs, most commonly Douglas Fir and Southern Pine. It is used principally as a ...