Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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Loss of entrapped air has also been observed with the use of superplasticizers.
In addition to the increase in strength, superplasticizers eliminate segregation of
concrete and allow good dispersion of cement particles in water, accelerating the
Class C fly ash has some cementing property, in addition to pozzolanic
properties. Fly ash consists of a large proportion of SiO2 (45-60 percent) and
smaller amounts of Al2O3 (20-35 percent), Fe2O3 (3-13 percent), and CaO (2-8
Steel fiber-reinforced concrete is employed in airport pavements, bridge decks,
industrial floors, hydraulic structures, and shotcrete applications. The amount of
steel fibers typically ranges between 0.5-2 percent by volume. The addition of