Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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Effects of the Type and Amount of Cement. A number of factors — such as
quantity of cement, amount of water, types of ingredients, mix proportions, curing,
temperature, age, size and shape of specimen, and test conditions — affect the ...
And concrete that is maintained in 100 percent relative humidity does not shrink,
but expands. Drying shrinkage depends on a number of factors, such as type and
amount of cement, mix proportions, size and shape of structure, curing, ...
This stage of drying is marked by a reduction in the cross-sectional dimensions.
Almost all properties of wood — physical and mechanical properties, resistance
to deterioration, and dimensional stability — are affected by the amount of ...