Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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The reinforcing steel, primarily composed of nearly round bars — is located at all
zones and sections where external loads cause tensile stresses. Various types of
steels have been used in reinforced concrete ranging from soft steels, with ...
Adequate bond is ensured by using rebars (reinforcing bars) with surface
deformations or lugs, called deformed bars. The bond capacity in these bars is
primarily from the surface friction and roughness. Reinforcing steel is
manufactured in ...
TABLE 7.4 CHEMICAL REQUIREMENTS OF REINFORCING BARS Percentage (
max) ASTM Designation Carbon Manganese Phosphorus Sulfur Silicon A615
A616 A617 A706" 0.3 1.5 0.035 0.06 0.06 0.045 0.5 "This type of steel is intended