Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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Generally these materials are strong but brittle. Examples: Soot (or, impure
carbon) and glass. A crystalline material can be converted into an amorphous
material by quenching — heating the material to its melting temperature followed
Brittle materials have little or no plasticity, or they show little deformation beyond
the elastic limit. Brittleness also signifies breakage with a comparatively smooth
fracture (as peanut brittle), and failure in brittle materials is sudden and ...
Hot-rolled steel shapes used in the majority of steel buildings are not prone to
brittle failure. When fracture occurs by cleavage at a nominal tensile stress that is
below yield stress, it is called brittle fracture. Increased strain rates — or