Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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Two types of cement are used in the building industry: hydraulic and nonhy-
draulic. Hydraulic cement is any cement that turns into a solid product in the
presence of water (as well as air), resulting in a material that does not
disintegrate in ...
These cements generally have higher resistance against alkalis, reactive
aggregates, and seawater. They hydrate slowly and the rate of gain in strength is
lower than that of ordinary portland cement. The common blended cements are ...
The proportions of these compounds (also called phases) are computed from the
chemical analysis of cement following a procedure outlined in ASTM C150. For
example, the percentage of tricalcium silicate is calculated from the amounts of ...