Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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Step 5: Calculate the cement content. estimated mixing water Required cement
content, by weight = Step 6: Estimate the coarse aggregate content. w/c Table
3.12 gives the volume of coarse aggregate (dry-rodded condition, per unit
volume of ...
Volume of fine aggregate = volume of concrete - (volumes of water, cement,
coarse aggregate, and air) V = V — (V + V + V + V 1 fine aggregate cone V T cem
r CA r wat r air/ VFA = vconc - (Vc + VCA + Vw + Va) Volumes of ingredients are ...
Find the weights using the following data. Mix proportion = 1 : 2 : 3.3 : 0.5 Air
content = 3% Specific gravity of cement, fine aggregate, and coarse aggregate =
3.15, 2.65, and 2.7, respectively Required volume of concrete = 2.2 ft3 Let weight