Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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Assyrians made use of swamp reeds as structural material for house construction
. A bundle of reeds tied together served as a pillar to hold up a house of light
construction. In building construction, the post-and-beam framing technique
1.3 CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS The basic materials used in civil
engineering applications or in construction projects are: • Wood • Cement and
concrete • Bitumens and bituminous materials • Structural clay and concrete units
Stranded cables (or strands) are almost always used in pretensioned
construction, and are also often used in posttensioned construction. They are
fabricated with six wires wound tightly around a seventh of slightly larger
diameter, and are ...