Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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They originate by precipitation from solutions, the cooling and hardening of
magma, the condensation of gases, or metamorphism. Minerals can be identified
by a number of physical properties, such as cleavage (which is the tendency to
The fine aggregate cannot be cooled by sprinkling, for the sand grains
accumulate too much water, thereby dewatering becomes very difficult. Use of fly
ash or ground blast-furnace slag helps to slow down the rate of hydration and
setting of ...
They soften and melt when heated, and resolidify upon cooling, like wax or butter
. The molded shapes are retained upon cooling. Any object made with
thermoplastics can be remolded into a new shape. Thermoplastics creep