Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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The use of metals came in before 4000 B.C. with the advent of native copper —
which was naturally occurring — for ornaments and utensils. During this period, it
was learned that heat softens metals, promoting the technique of forming.
The principal nonferrous metals — which are more than 70 in number — are
copper, nickel, zinc, aluminum, and magnesium. More than 90 percent of the
world consumption of metals is in the form of steels and cast iron. Polymeric
The corrosion resistance of steel containing sufficient levels of copper, chromium,
nickel, and silicon is superior to that of steels without these elements. Copper
increases the tensile properties and hardness but decreases the ductility, and ...