Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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A hollow masonry unit is defined as having a net cross-sectional area in every
plane, parallel to the bearing surface, less than 75 percent of the gross cross-
sectional area in the same plane; a solid masonry unit has a net cross-sectional
The first number (8) is the nominal depth of the cross-section in inches. The
second number (67) is the weight of the member in pounds per linear foot. The
nominal depth is not always equal to the actual depth of the member; the actual
ASTM A496 provides specifications for cold-worked, deformed steel wire for use,
as such or in fabricated form, as concrete reinforcement, and is available in sizes
having nominal cross-sectional area not less than 0.01 in.2 (6.45 mm2) and not ...