Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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1.1). The internal forces or internal stresses that act between consecutive
particles are said to be proportional to the external loads. This "balancing act"
between the internal and external forces is stated to maintain the equilibrium
condition in ...
7 Figure 1.1 Solid body subjected to Equilibrium condition external forces. can
now rejoin the broken ends of the band with glue or cement, the "new" rubber
band can once again be used for the same experiment. The test can be repeated,
When lumber is dried, during service, below the fiber saturation point, it
eventually assumes a condition of equilibrium, with the final moisture content
dependent on the relative humidity, the ambient temperature, and the drying
conditions to ...