Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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It measures the ability of the material to support loads even after the formation of
cracks, and is influenced by tensile strength of fiber, fiber geometry, and fiber
dosage. Fiber-reinforced concrete is much tougher and more resistant to impact ...
TABLE 3.17 TYPES AND PROPERTIES OF FIBERS Fibers come in various sizes
and shapes. Round steel fibers, made from low- carbon or stainless steel, have
diameters in the range 0.01-0.039 in. (0.25-1 mm). Flat steel fibers, produced by ...
Glass fibers consist primarily of silica, SiO2, and some metallic oxides —
modifying elements — and are generally produced by mechanically drawing
molten glass through a small orifice in a platinum plate. E-glass, named for its