Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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Dividing this by 100, we get 2.56 (or 2.6, after rounding the second digit), which is
the fineness modulus of the test sample. The fineness modulus of aggregate is
generally between 2.0 and 4.0, rounded off to a single digit after the decimal ...
A lower fineness modulus of fine aggregate, denoted by a smaller number,
indicates a larger percentage of finer materials (generally, fine sand); similarly, a
higher number means fewer finer particles or plenty of coarser particles (
The strength of concrete of a given consistency improves with an increase in the
fineness modulus of the fine aggregate, which represents the average size of the
sample. A higher number means a coarser gradation; a lower number, a finer ...