Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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Toughness represents the ability of a material to support loads even after yielding
or crack formation. ... Brittleness also signifies breakage with a comparatively
smooth fracture (as peanut brittle), and failure in brittle materials is sudden and ...
Toughness is a measure of the resistance of aggregate particles to fracture under
an applied load. No satisfactory test is available for measuring the effective
strength or toughness of aggregates. The resistance of aggregates to failure from
When fracture occurs by cleavage at a nominal tensile stress that is below yield
stress, it is called brittle fracture. ... reinforced concrete, and masonry) rely on
steel (structural or reinforcing) to supply the ductility and toughness needed to