Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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The term "grout" is derived from the Swedish word groot, which means "porridge."
It is used to fill grout spaces in brick masonry 2 in. (5 cm) or more in horizontal
dimension, and in cells of hollow block masonry. The materials are generally ...
Prior to grouting, the grout space must be clean without any mortar projections
greater than 1/2 in. (12.5 mm), mortar droppings, or foreign material. Grouting of
any section of wall must be completed within 1 day, with no interruptions longer ...
Grout (typical) . Vertical bar (a) Vertical bar \ Grout (typical) i — i mr^ ig. r w i (b)
Figure 4.16 (a) Partially grouted wall: (b) solid grouted wall. Grout Cleanout 32 in.
maximum Figure 4.17 Cleanouts in a solid grouted wall. Low-lift grouting is a ...