Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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5.6 LUMBER SIZES Many commercially important softwood species are used in
construction, and lumber from several of these species shares similar
performance characteristics. These species are also similar enough in
appearance that they ...
Hardwood lumber grading in the United States is carried out based on the Rules
for the Measurement and Inspection of Hardwood and Cypress Lumber, drafted
by the National Hardwood Lumber Association (Memphis, Tennessee).
Stress-graded lumber (also called framing lumber) and non-stress-graded
lumber are used in applications where structural integrity is the primary
requirement, and appearance lumber is for use in applications where the
appearance (and not ...