Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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Limestone is the name applied to all stones that contain either carbonate of lime (
calcite), or carbonate of lime-magnesium (calcium magnesium carbonate,
dolomite) along with calcite, as an essential constituent. These rocks, which
come in ...
Sulfates of sodium, calcium, and magnesium are often found in soils, lakebeds,
and seawater. These compounds react with calcium hydroxide, or Ca(OH)2,
formed during the hydration of cement to produce gypsum, calcium sulfate, and
The major cations are calcium, magnesium, sodium, and potassium, and the
major anions are chlorides, CO,, HCO3, and SO4. There are six principal
elements present in solution that make up about 99 percent of the dissolved salts.