Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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1.2 MATERIALS AND TYPES An introduction to various types of engineering
materials is given in this section. A material is defined as a substance or thing
from which something else can be made. Cloth, cement, sugar, brick, aluminum,
An understanding of porosity and moisture content of construction materials is
essential in assessing the performance of structures during service. Mechanical
properties measure the resistance of a material to applied loads or forces.
Some materials, such as steel and rubber, can endure large amounts of strain or
deformation and still return to their original form when the loads are taken off.
Concrete (in compression) is an example of a material that will recover its original