Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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maximum stress (strength) e'( : strain at/'c e(.„ : maximum strain (ultimate strain)
Figure 3.29 shows a typical stress-strain diagram for concrete in compression. It
constitutes an elastic range at the onset, followed by a nonlinear or inelastic ...
An increase in the maximum size of coarse aggregate per se lowers the
compressive strength. In general, the smallest size aggregate produces the
highest strength for a given w/c ratio. Angular aggregates demand more water
than do ...
Three pavement design temperatures are required to detail the asphalt binder
specifications: a maximum, an intermediate, and a minimum. The maximum and
minimum pavement temperatures at a specific geographical location in the