Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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It flows into hot metal cars, which transport it to the steelmaking furnace. A
nonmetallic product, consisting essentially of silicates and aluminosilicates of
calcium and other bases, is produced simultaneously with the molten metal. This
The molten metal is then poured into a ladle and mixed with hot slag. The fluxing
action of the slag causes a spongy mass to form which is processed by rolling
and pressing. This is wrought iron. It is the only iron-bearing material containing ...
The addition of carbon not only hardens the metal but also imparts other distinct
properties. Steel in addition contains varying amounts of manganese (less than
1.6 percent), phosphorus, sulfur, and silicon (less than 0.6 percent), together with