Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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(as well as plaster) is a mixture of sand, cement, lime or gypsum, and water.
Mortar is used to bond individual masonry units, such as bricks and blocks, in a
masonry wall, and plaster is used for plastering. Grout is a mixture of cement,
The consistency of the mixture should be such that it is cohesive and easy to
trowel, and adheres to masonry units. As it is relatively weaker, lime mortar is
generally used in temporary construction, from which masonry units can be
After heating, all the raw materials are mixed in the plant, and the hot mixture is
transported to the paving site and spread on a loosely compacted layer to a
uniform, even surface with the help of a paving machine. While the mixture is hot
it is ...