Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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from which polymer molecules are made. A polymer can be represented as a
large molecule containing hundreds or thousands of atoms formed by combining
one, two, or (occasionally) more types of monomers into a chain structure.
The component molecules of resins used in the manufacture of plastics are very
large; they are made up of relatively simple repeating units. A repeating unit,
designated by the suffix "-mer," may exist in a single unit (called a monomer), in
by a continuous chain of small molecules which are monomers. For example,
polyvinyl chloride is a polymer made from a monomer called vinyl chloride. The
most common natural polymers are wood and rubber. The name "polymer"