Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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A siliceous bond results in hard and durable rock, whereas iron oxide, which
gives the red or brown tone to the rock, makes it durable but weak. Lime as a
cementing material, on the other hand, makes sandstone soft and less durable.
In addition to these compounds, most raw materials contain small amounts of iron
oxide (from iron ore or clay), magnesia, sulfur trioxide, alkalis, and carbon dioxide
. But lime and silica make up for about 60 percent and 20 percent of the ...
4.12). The scratch and brown coats are prepared with coarser fine aggregate,
and the finish coat has somewhat finer particles. Excessive fineness can cause
crazing and cracking. High-grade mineral pigments such as black iron oxide,