Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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Igneous rocks are classified based on texture (as coarsegrained, fine-grained, or
glassy), and on mineral composition. Granite is coarsegrained, basalt is fine-
grained, and pumice is glassy. Sedimentary rocks, such as sandstone, limestone,
Quartzite, a rock composed of firmly cemented quartz grains, results from the
metamorphism of sandstone. The fracture zone in quartzite, as opposed to that of
sandstone, is across the cemented sand grains. Chalk is a soft calcium carbonate
8.4.1 Types and Properties of Rocks Characteristics of a soil depend on the
parent rocks from which the soil is derived. Rocks are mixtures of several
minerals, and may be one of the following: • Igneous • Sedimentary •
Metamorphic A mineral ...