Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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Shotcrete, also called gunite or spray concrete, refers to pneumatically placed
concrete, in which a dry mixture of cement and sand is blown through hoses and
water is injected at the nozzle. The maximum size of aggregate for shotcrete is ...
3.13.4 Shotcrete Shotcrete (also called gunite, pneumatically applied mortar or
concrete) relates to mortar or concrete shot into place using compressed air. The
procedure is carried out using one of two methods: • Dry mix process • Wet mix ...
Shotcrete permits the placement of concrete without any formwork. It is employed
for tunnel and reservoir lining, and in swimming pools. It is increasingly used for
repair and strengthening of buildings, dams, and bridge piers. Other uses for ...