Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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Reinforcement is provided in slabs-on-grade (or ground-supported slabs) to
control the shrinkage. But it is important to recognize that this reinforcement does
not prevent cracks from occurring; it merely controls the location and width of
Deformed bars are used in almost all types of reinforced concrete construction:
slabs, beams, columns, walls, footings, foundations, dams, and others (Fig. 7.13).
They are also used as reinforcement in reinforced masonry construction. A plain
7.6.3 Uses Welded wire fabric is used as concrete reinforcement for crack control
in residential slabs, driveways, sidewalks, and slabs for light construction. In a
slab on grade (or ground-supported concrete slab), cracking is due primarily to ...