Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
Results 1-3 of 9
Sulfates of sodium, calcium, and magnesium are often found in soils, lakebeds,
and seawater. These compounds react with calcium hydroxide, or Ca(OH)2,
formed during the hydration of cement to produce gypsum, calcium sulfate, and
This is followed by expansion or swelling of the aggregate particles, causing
cracks and promoting disintegration of concrete, and this reaction is called alkali-
aggregate reaction or alkali- silica reaction The term alkali refers to the sodium
The major cations are calcium, magnesium, sodium, and potassium, and the
major anions are chlorides, CO,, HCO3, and SO4. There are six principal
elements present in solution that make up about 99 percent of the dissolved salts.